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Maize may be transformed very efficiently using Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated methods. The most critical factor in the transformation protocol is the co-cultivation of healthy immature embryos of the correct developmental stage with A. tumefaciens; the embryos should be collected only from vigorous plants grown in well-conditioned glasshouses. With the(More)
Wheat may now be transformed very efficiently by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Under the protocol hereby described, immature embryos of healthy plants of wheat cultivar Fielder grown in a well-conditioned greenhouse were pretreated with centrifuging and cocultivated with A. tumefaciens. Transgenic wheat plants were obtained routinely from between 40 and 90 %(More)
The efficiency of transformation was improved by treating immature embryos with heat and centrifugation before infection with Agrobacterium tumefaciens in rice and maize. Because the effects were detected both in the levels of transgene expression after co-cultivation and in the number of independent transgenic plants obtained per embryo, conditions were(More)
Monocotyledonous plants were believed to be not transformable by the soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens until two decades ago, although convenient protocols for infection of leaf disks and subsequent regeneration of transgenic plants had been well established in a number of dicotyledonous species by then. This belief was reinforced by the fact that(More)
Melanotic or melanocytic medulloblastoma is a rare variant of medulloblastoma, especially when the tumor shows advanced neuronal differentiation. We report a case of this tumor, which developed in the cerebellar vermis in an 8-year-old girl. Initial biopsy specimens were identified as classical medulloblastoma with a high MIB1 index. Surgical removal of the(More)
C4-type phosphenolpyruvate carboxylase (C4PEPC) acts as a primary carbon assimilatory enzyme in the C4 photosynthetic pathway. The maize C4PEPC gene (C4Ppc1) is specifically expressed in mesophyll cells (MC) of light-grown leaves, but the molecular mechanism responsible for its cell type-specific expression has not been characterized. In this study, we(More)
The aim of this study is to examine and compare the treatment performance of Acid Orange 7 (AO7) containing wastewater by up-flow constructed wetland (UFCW) at different AO7 concentrations, hydraulic retention times (HRT) and alternative of supplementary aeration. The aerated wetland reactor outperformed the non-aerated one in the removal of organic(More)
NADP-malic enzyme (NADP-ME) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PCK) are specifically expressed in bundle sheath cells (BSCs) in NADP-ME-type and PCK-type C4 plants, respectively. Unlike the high activities of these enzymes in the green leaves of C4 plants, their low activities have been detected in the leaves of C3 plants. In order to elucidate the(More)
Pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) is a key enzyme in the C4 photosynthetic pathway of maize. To improve the cold tolerance of the enzyme in maize, we designed two genomic sequence-based constructs in which the carboxy-terminal region of the enzyme was modified to mimic the amino acid sequence of the cold-tolerant PPDK of Flaveria brownii(More)
Tamavidin 2 is a fungal avidin-like protein that binds biotin with high affinity and is highly produced in soluble form in Escherichia coli. By contrast, widely used biotin-binding proteins avidin and streptavidin are rarely produced in soluble form in E. coli. In this study, we describe an efficient system for one-step purification and immobilization of(More)