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Host innate recognition triggers key immune responses for viral elimination. The sensing mechanism of hepatitis B virus (HBV), a DNA virus, and the subsequent downstream signaling events remain to be fully clarified. Here we found that type III but not type I interferons are predominantly induced in human primary hepatocytes in response to HBV infection,(More)
Anuran larval skin undergoes a process of metamorphosis into pre-adult and adult skin. Basal skein, larval basal and adult basal cells are basement membrane-attaching cells in the larval, pre-adult and adult epidermis, respectively, and are identified as cells expressing genes of RLK (Rana larval keratin), both RLK and RAK (Rana adult keratin), and RAK.(More)
The asc operon of Escherichia coli is one of the cryptic genetic systems for beta-D-galactoside utilization as a carbon source. The ascFB genes for beta-D-galactoside transport and catabolism are repressed by the AscG regulator. After genomic SELEX screening, AscG was found to recognize and bind the consensus palindromic sequence TGAAACC-GGTTTCA. AscG(More)
This study evaluates the clinical significance of re-elevation of T-wave in patients with ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Resolution of ST elevation within 24 h after reperfusion is associated with better outcome. However, little is known about the serial(More)
BACKGROUND Contact force (CF) monitoring could be useful in accomplishing circumferential pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (CPVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare procedure parameters and outcomes between CF-guided and non-guided CPVI. METHODS Thirty-eight consecutive AF patients (mean age 60 ± 11 years, 28(More)
Cytoglobin (Cygb), a recently discovered vertebrate cytoplasmic heme-binding globin, is considered to be in a clade with vertebrate myoglobin (Mb), which is exclusively distributed in the cytoplasm of cardiac and skeletal muscles as an oxygen storage protein. GenBank databases (NCBI and JGI) and gene synteny analyses showed the absence of the Mb gene (mb)(More)
The immunodeficient mice transplanted with human hepatocytes are available for the study of the human hepatitis viruses. Recently, human hepatocytes were also successfully transplanted in herpes simplex virus type-1 thymidine kinase (TK)-NOG mice. In this study, we attempted to infect hepatitis virus in humanized TK-NOG mice and urokinase-type plasminogen(More)
BACKGROUND Although the effects of angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) have been studied, little is known about ARBs in hypertensive patients undergoing dialysis. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of an ARB, olmesartan medoxomil (CS866), on the progression of peritoneal fibrosis in peritoneal dialysis by examining its effect in a model of(More)
This study concerns the significance of aberrant (nuclear/cytoplasmic) expression of beta-catenin in pancreatoblastoma (PBL). On immunohistochemistry, all seven PBLs examined showed nuclear/cytoplasmic expression of beta-catenin, predominantly in the squamoid corpuscles (SCs). In areas with acinar/ductular differentiation, few tumour cells displayed(More)
We successfully used argon plasma coagulation (APC) to treat two cases of dialysis patients with hemorrhagic gastric angiodysplasia. Gastric angiodysplasia is recognized as an important cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Angiodysplastic lesion confined to the gastric antrum was first described in 1953 and named gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE). The(More)