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The disposal of chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood is becoming a serious problem in many countries due to increasing levels of contamination by the hazardous elements, chromium, copper and arsenic. The present experiment was conducted as a preliminary step toward one-step solvent extraction of CCA-treated wood. Because chromium, copper and arsenic(More)
The disposal of wood waste treated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA) is a problem in many countries. We have proposed a novel chelating extraction technique for CCA-treated wood using bioxalate, a solution of oxalic acid containing sufficient sodium hydroxide to adjust the pH to 3.2, which is an effective way to obtain an extraction efficiency of 90% for(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the long-term (greater than 2 years) results of seton drainage on anal fistulae in patients with Crohn's disease. METHODS Between September 1990 and September 1999, 32 patients with Crohn's disease underwent seton drainage for complex anal fistulae. The median follow-up time in these patients was 62 months(More)
Solvent extraction was conducted to investigate the behavior of toxic metals in chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood and its pyrolysis residue. Four kinds of solvents, along with sulfuric and phosphoric acid as mineral agents, and citric and oxalic acid as complexing agents, were used. The CCA elements from the wood treated without pyrolysis were(More)
For easy screening of genetic instability in colorectal cancers, we tried BAT-26 and BAT-25 mononucleotide repeats using fluorescent analysis and evaluated their usefulness and problems compared with other markers: D5S346, D17S250, D2S123, and D2S391, D4S392 (located near BAT-26 and BAT-25 respectively). The high-frequency of MSI (MSI-H) tumours, defined as(More)
Recently, the alteration of peripheral T cells has become a focus of attention in research on Crohn's disease (CD). To examine the characteristics of peripheral T cells in CD patients, we analyzed the expression of a memory T cell marker (CD45RO(Bright)CD3+) and the cytokine production by peripheral helper and cytotoxic T cells in patients with CD. With the(More)
In the present study, 5 isolates of brown-rot fungi were used for fungal bioprocessing (FB) of chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood wastes: Antrodia vaillantii SEL8501, Fomitopsis palustris TYP0507 and TYP6137, and Crustoderma sp. KUC8065 and KUC8611. The isolates showed notable capacity for the degradation of treated wood and removal of CCA(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a one-step metal extraction process that would effectively remove hazardous elements from wood powder or chips of western hemlock [Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.] treated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA) preservative. In addition, we tested this method for wood treated with other copper-based preservatives such(More)
Chitin and chitosan are naturally abundant biopolymers which are of interest to research concerning the sorption of metal ions since the amine and hydroxyl groups on their chemical structures act as chelation sites for metal ions. This study evaluates the removal of copper, chromium, and arsenic elements from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood via(More)