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The small ciliary G protein Arl13b is required for cilium biogenesis and sonic hedgehog signaling and is mutated in patients with Joubert syndrome (JS). In this study, using Caenorhabditis elegans and mammalian cell culture systems, we investigated the poorly understood ciliary and molecular basis of Arl13b function. First, we show that Arl13b/ARL-13(More)
Cilia are microtubule-based cell appendages, serving motility, chemo-/mechano-/photo- sensation, and developmental signaling functions. Cilia are comprised of distinct structural and functional subregions including the basal body, transition zone (TZ) and inversin (Inv) compartments, and defects in this organelle are associated with an expanding spectrum of(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a pleiotropically genetic disorder, whose etiology is linked to cilia. Mutations in the Arf/Arl-family GTPase Arl6 have been recently shown to be responsible for BBS type 3. Here we show that BBS mutations alter the guanine nucleotide-binding properties of Arl6. Specifically, substitution of 31st Threonine to Arginine(More)
Arl13b is an atypical Arf/Arl-family GTPase consisting of an extending large C-terminal region (C domain) and Arf-homologous GTP-binding motifs in the N terminus (N domain). Although Arl13b appears to be involved in cilia formation, its precise function and roles of the domains remain unknown. Here, we show the unique domain architecture of Arl13b by(More)
The therapeutic efficacy of interferon (IFN) for the hepatitis C is closely related with mutations in interferon sensitivity determining region or V3 domain of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A). However, the relationship between alanine aminotransferase (ALT) normalization and the NS5A variability remains unclear. To clarify these(More)
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