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A class IV chitinase belonging to the glycoside hydrolase 19 family from Nepenthes alata (NaCHIT1) was expressed in Escherichia coli. The enzyme exhibited weak activity toward polymeric substrates and significant activity toward (GlcNAc)(n) [β-1,4-linked oligosaccharide of GlcNAc with a polymerization degree of n (n = 4-6)]. The enzyme hydrolyzed the third(More)
Fucosyloligosaccharides have great therapeutic potential. Here we present a new route for synthesizing a Fucalpha1,2Gal linkage by introducing glycosynthase technology into 1,2-alpha-l-fucosidase. The enzyme adopts a unique reaction mechanism, in which asparagine-423 activated by aspartic acid-766 acts as a base while asparagine-421 fixes both a catalytic(More)
The tyrosine residue Y198 is known to support a nucleophilic water molecule with the general base residue, D263, in the reducing-end xylose-releasing exo-oligoxylanase (Rex). A mutation in the tyrosine residue changing it into phenylalanine caused a drastic decrease in the hydrolytic activity and a small increase in the F(-) releasing activity from(More)
Reducing end xylose-releasing exooligoxylanase (Rex, EC 3.2.1.156) is an inverting GH that hydrolyzes xylooligosaccharides (> or = X3) to release X1 at their reducing end. The wild-type enzyme exhibited the Hehre resynthesis hydrolysis mechanism, in which alpha-X2F was hydrolyzed to X2 and HF in the presence of X1 as an acceptor molecule. However, the(More)
α-L-fucosyl residues attached at the non-reducing ends of glycoconjugates constitute histo-blood group antigens Lewis (Le) and ABO and play fundamental roles in various biological processes. Therefore, establishing a method for synthesizing the antigens is important for functional glycomics studies. However, regiospecific synthesis of glycosyl linkages,(More)
A class III chitinase belonging to the GH18 family from Nepenthes alata (NaCHIT3) was expressed in Escherichia coli. The enzyme exhibited hydrolytic activity toward colloidal chitin, ethylene glycol chitin, and (GlcNAc)(n) (n=5 and 6). The enzyme hydrolyzed the fourth glycosidic linkage from the non-reducing end of (GlcNAc)(6). The anomeric form of the(More)
The gene encoding family 8 glycoside hydrolases from Bacillus halodurans C-125 (BH2105), an alkalophilic bacterium with a known genomic sequence, was expressed in Escherichia coli. The protein was expressed with the intact N-terminal sequence, suggesting that it did not possess a signal peptide and that it was an intracellular enzyme. The recombinant enzyme(More)
Reducing end xylose-releasing exo-oligoxylanase from Bacillus halodurans C-125 (Rex) hydrolyzes xylooligosaccharides whose degree of polymerization is greater than or equal to 3, releasing the xylose unit at the reducing end. It is a unique exo-type glycoside hydrolase that recognizes the xylose unit at the reducing end in a very strict manner, even(More)
The kinetic parameters of Cex, a family 10 xylanase from Cellulomonas fimi, were determined at various pH levels using soluble birchwood xylan (BWX) as a natural polymeric substrate along with three other synthetic aryl-beta-D-xylobioside substrates. Using BWX, a high level of substrate inhibition was observed which increased with decreasing pH. In(More)
Xylanase A from alkaliphilic Bacillus halodurans C-125 was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by affinity and anion exchange chromatographies. It exhibited a strong substrate inhibition using xylan as the substrate. Its K(i) value increased with an increase in pH. The effect of pH on the enzyme activity was determined using two aryl-xylobiosides as(More)