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The tumour suppressor p53 induces cellular senescence in response to oncogenic signals. p53 activity is modulated by protein stability and post-translational modification, including phosphorylation and acetylation. The mechanism of p53 activation by oncogenes remains largely unknown. Here we report that the tumour suppressor PML regulates the p53 response(More)
Response to genotoxic stress can be considered as a multistage process involving initiation of cell-cycle arrest and maintenance of arrest during DNA repair. Although maintenance of G2/M checkpoints is known to involve Chk1, Chk2/Rad53 and upstream components, the mechanisms involved in its initiation are less well defined. Here we report that p38 kinase(More)
In order to determine whether the function of alveolar macrophages (AM) is modulated by aging, we measured the TNF-alpha production, phagocytic function, and surface antigen expression of AM from young and old mice. When AM were primed by IFN-gamma (500 units/ml) and triggered by LPS (100 micrograms/ml), TNF-alpha production by AM was significantly smaller(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 concentrations are increased in the sputum of asthma and chronic bronchitis patients, and are thought to be related to airflow obstruction. However, serum concentrations of these enzymes have not been clearly evaluated in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(More)
Hemimegalencephaly is a rare congenital disease that occurs with intractable epilepsy and is a childhood developmental disorder. A functional hemispherectomy is indicated for the treatment of hemimegalencephaly with intractable epilepsy. We present a case of hemimegalencephaly in a 6-month-old male. After hemispherectomy, his seizures disappeared completely(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether therapeutic touch in preterm infants can ameliorate their sensory punctate stimulus response in terms of brain activation measured by near-infrared spectroscopy. METHODS The study included 10 preterm infants at 34-40 weeks' corrected age. Oxyhaemoglobin (Oxy-Hb) concentration, heart rate (HR),(More)
Many patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) undergo hospitalizations due to pulmonary infections. We retrospectively investigated the characteristics of hospitalizations due to pulmonary infection in patients with IPF to elucidate causative pathogens and mortality. We reviewed patients with IPF who were admitted between January 2008 and December(More)
Background. Six-minute walk test (6MWT) has 3 measurement outcomes, which are walk distance, desaturation, and symptom. The aim of this study was to examine whether routinely measured right-heart catheter (RHC) data correlate with 6MWT outcomes in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods. Between June 2010 and December 2012, consecutive(More)
In this paper we present a nonstandard numerical scheme for solving a reaction-diffusion-chemotaxis mathematical model of migration and invasion of cancer cells. The model is approximated by a system of nonlinear algebraic equations, whose solution is non-negative. The role of the production rate of cancer cells on their invasive ability is analyzed by(More)
Adenovirus infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of lung inflammatory diseases for which glucocorticoids provide effective antiinflammatory treatment. In this study, the differential display assay was used to identify messenger RNAs (mRNAs) differentially expressed in dexamethasone (1 ␮ M for 24 h)-treated A549 lung epithelial cells compared to(More)