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In trauma, hemostatic functions should be maintained appropriately to prevent massive bleeding. This study elucidated the time-dependent changes in platelet count and coagulation variables, and the effects of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) on these changes during the early phase of trauma. Trauma patients with an injury severity score ≥16 were(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are characterized by a disruption of the endothelium and alveolar epithelial barriers involving increased microvascular permeability, thus resulting in the set of protein-rich pulmonary edema. Angiogenic factors and their receptors, including vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
Trauma-induced tissue factor (TF) release into the systemic circulation is considered to play an important role in the development of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) immediately after severe trauma. However, the relationship between TF and hyperfibrinolysis, especially fibrinogenolysis, has been unclear. A total of 18 rats were divided into(More)
INTRODUCTION We tested two hypotheses that disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and acute coagulopathy of trauma-shock (ACOTS) in the early phase of trauma are similar disease entities and that the DIC score on admission can be used to predict the prognosis of patients with coagulopathy of trauma. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of 562(More)
INTRODUCTION Post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) often leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) with a poor prognosis. Endothelial and leukocyte activation after whole-body ischemia/reperfusion following resuscitation from cardiac arrest is a critical step in endothelial injury and related organ damage. Angiogenic factors, including vascular(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the hypotheses that an increase in systemic thrombin activity occurs in both disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with the fibrinolytic phenotype and in acute coagulopathy of trauma shock (ACoTS), and that the patients diagnosed as having ACoTS overlap or are identical with those diagnosed as having DIC. METHODS We made a(More)
INTRODUCTION Post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) is often associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), thus leading to the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). The aim of this study was to examine the pathophysiological relationships between coagulation, fibrinolysis and fibrinolytic shutdown by evaluating the levels(More)
To investigate the relationship between the inflammatory responses and postresuscitation syndrome, we prospectively examined the serial changes of neutrophil elastase (NE), urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI), and TNF-alpha) in successfully resuscitated patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. This study included 36 patients with out-of-hospital cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Rikkunshito is a traditional Japanese medicine that has been widely prescribed for patients with various gastrointestinal symptoms. Recently, the prokinetic effects of Rikkunshito in patients with a variety of diseases have attracted attention in Japan. The prokinetic effects of Rikkunshito are believed to result from an increase of active(More)
The decrease in the antithrombin III activity is thought to result from consumption by ongoing coagulation, degradation by neutrophil elastase, capillary leak syndrome, and impaired synthesis. A retrospective data analysis of patients with sepsis was conducted to investigate the response of antithrombin III activity after supplementation in patients with(More)