Yuichiro Yamada

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We carried out a multistage genome-wide association study of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Japanese individuals, with a total of 1,612 cases and 1,424 controls and 100,000 SNPs. The most significant association was obtained with SNPs in KCNQ1, and dense mapping within the gene revealed that rs2237892 in intron 15 showed the lowest P value (6.7 × 10−13, odds(More)
Secretion of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), a duodenal hormone, is primarily induced by absorption of ingested fat. Here we describe a novel pathway of obesity promotion via GIP. Wild-type mice fed a high-fat diet exhibited both hypersecretion of GIP and extreme visceral and subcutaneous fat deposition with insulin resistance. In contrast, mice(More)
kir/Gem, Rad, Rem and Rem2 comprise the RGK (Rad/Gem/kir) family of Ras-related small G-proteins. Two important functions of RGK proteins are the regulation of the VDCC (voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel) activity and cell-shape remodelling. RGK proteins interact with 14-3-3 and CaM (calmodulin), but their role on RGK protein function is poorly understood. In(More)
Gastrointestinal hormones including gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, and GLP-2 are secreted immediately after meal ingestion, and GIP and GLP-2 have been shown to regulate bone turnover. We hypothesize that endogenous GLP-1 may also be important for control of skeletal homeostasis. We investigated the role of GLP-1 in the(More)
Individual members of the RGK family of Ras-related GTPases, which comprise Rad, Gem/Kir, Rem and Rem2, have been implicated in important functions such as the regulation of voltage-gated calcium channel activity and remodeling of cell shape. The GTPase Kir/Gem inhibits the activity of calcium channels by interacting with the beta-subunit and also regulates(More)
The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) control glucose homeostasis through well-defined actions on the islet beta cell via stimulation of insulin secretion and preservation and expansion of beta cell mass. We examined the importance of endogenous incretin receptors for control of glucose(More)
BACKGROUND In Europeans and populations of European origin, several groups have recently identified novel type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes, including FTO, SLC30A8, HHEX, CDKAL1, CDKN2B, and IGF2BP2, none of which were in the list of functional candidates. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN The aim of this study was to replicate in a Japanese population previously(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor is a new class of anti-diabetic drug which exerts its glucose-lowering action by suppressing the degradation of a gut incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). To elucidate whether treatment with stronger DPP-4 inhibitor on top of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) provides greater renal protective(More)
Tight glycemic control in individuals with diabetes mellitus is essential to prevent or delay its complications. Present treatments to reduce hyperglycemia mainly target the ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel of pancreatic beta cells to increase insulin secretion. These current approaches are often associated with the side effect of hypoglycemia. Here we show(More)
AbstractTranscription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) has been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus in multiple ethnic groups. Regarding the Asian population, Horikoshi et al. (Diabetologia 50:747–751, 2007) and Hayashi et al. (Diabetologia 50:980–984, 2007) reported that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TCF7L2 were associated with type 2(More)