Yuichiro Ohshima

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Malignant melanoma is one of the most aggressive cancers and its incidence worldwide has been increasing at a greater rate than that of any other cancer. We previously reported that constitutively activated RFP-RET-carrying transgenic mice (RET-mice) spontaneously develop malignant melanoma. In this study, we showed that expression levels of intrinsic(More)
Recently, we crossed an original haired RET-transgenic mouse of line 242 with a hairless mouse and established a hairless RET-(HL/RET)-transgenic mouse line (242-hr/hr) with hyperpigmented skin but no tumors. In this study, we examined the effect of hyperpigmented skin in HL/RET-transgenic mice on UV irradiation-mediated cutaneous cancer development. UV(More)
Conventionally, iontophoresis employing direct current (DC) has been used in the treatment of palmoplantar hyperhidrosis, but this is accompanied by side effects such as pain and burns. In the present study, a prototype apparatus using alternating current (AC) was constructed, and iontophoresis with AC was performed in palmoplantar hyperhidrosis patients to(More)
Various treatments are currently available for palmoplantar hyperhidrosis. We have treated palmoplantar hyperhidrosis patients effectively with the use of alternating current (AC) iontophoresis. However, much remains unknown about the physiological changes that occur with AC iontophoresis, and its mechanism of action. We measured the changes in Na+, K+(More)
Hyperhidrosis can be subdivided into generalized hyperhidrosis, with increased sweating over the entire body, and focal hyperhidrosis, in which the excessive sweating is restricted to specific parts of the body. Generalized hyperhidrosis may be either primary (idiopathic) or secondary. Secondary generalized hyperhidrosis may be caused by infections such as(More)
A dose of 60 units (U) of botulinum toxin type A (BT-A) has been confirmed to have efficacy for patients with palmoplantar hyperhidrosis. However, the effectiveness of this dose is limited in severe cases defined as sweat production of 2 mg/cm(2) per min or more (measured by the ventilated capsule method) and a Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale (HDSS)(More)
There have been several attempts to make granuloma model to clarify the mechanism of granulomatous diseases like sarcoidosis. However, a unique in vitro model that generates multinucleated giant cell (MGC) through epithelioid cells resembled to human granuloma, has not yet been clearly established. In this study, the generation of granuloma model that forms(More)
We previously established a RET-transgenic mouse line (304/B6), in which skin melanosis, benign melanocytic tumors and malignant melanoma spontaneously develop. We found that the activities of RET tyrosine kinase, Erk and c-Jun are definitely upregulated in malignant melanoma in the RET-transgenic mice of line 304/B6. We also established another(More)