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PURPOSE To assess the clinical feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with a mechanical loading system for evaluation of load-bearing function in knee joints using cartilage T2 as a surrogate of cartilage matrix changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sagittal T2 maps of the medial and lateral femorotibial joints of 22 healthy volunteers were obtained(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Minimally invasive surgery including laparoscopic and robotic surgery was recently approved for clinical use in hepatobiliary surgery. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the feasibility and technical aspects of robotic single incision for hepatobiliary surgery using the GelPort laparoscopic system in a preliminary animal study. (More)
BACKGROUND The deregulation of microRNA (miRNA) is associated with multiple processes involved in cancer progression. RNase III endonucleases, Dicer and Drosha, are key enzymes for miRNA biogenesis, and it has been reported that altered expressions of these molecules affect the clinical outcomes of patients with various cancers. However, the clinical value(More)
Referenceless, or self-reference, thermometry is a technique for mapping temperature differences in the region of interest (ROI) using the baseline phase estimated by extrapolating the field in the surrounding region for estimation (RFE) and subtracting the estimated baseline from the measured field. In the present work a self-reference technique based on(More)
The tumor-associated microenvironment has been shown to protect tumor cells from treatment, and the extracellular matrix (ECM) is known to affect drug resistance as a key regulator of the tumor microenvironment. However, little is known about cell adhesion-mediated drug resistance (CAM-DR) due to cell-ECM contact in patients with oral squamous cell(More)
The Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has prognostic value in patients with a variety of cancers. However, its prognostic significance in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients has not been fully explored. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical significance of NLR in patients with OSCC. OSCC patients who underwent surgery following(More)
It has been increasingly recognized that the tumour microenvironment is a critical factor involved in cancer progression. However, little is known about the clinical value of the stromal features in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical significance of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and(More)
PURPOSE To examine the possibility of using a 3 Tesla (T) magnetic resonance (MR) scanner with a custom-made external coil to obtain ductal details of the prostate, high-quality spectra, and metabolite mapping corresponding to prostate zonal anatomy in healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS MRI and two-dimensional (2D) chemical shift imaging (CSI) were(More)
The goal of this study is to establish novel medical technologies by combining magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with endoscopy to improve diagnostic precision and the safety of endoscopic surgeries. One of the key components of the integrated magnetic resonance (MR) endoscope system is a radio-frequency (RF) coil; this detects the MR signal from tissue and(More)
Salivary duct carcinoma is a highly aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Surgical resection is currently the only curative treatment, as there is no effective systemic therapy for this malignancy. Recently, trastuzumab has been shown to exhibit therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of salivary duct carcinoma; similarly, molecularly targeted agents,(More)