Learn More
The tumour suppressor p53 induces cellular senescence in response to oncogenic signals. p53 activity is modulated by protein stability and post-translational modification, including phosphorylation and acetylation. The mechanism of p53 activation by oncogenes remains largely unknown. Here we report that the tumour suppressor PML regulates the p53 response(More)
The role of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR/CD87) in cell migration and invasion is well substantiated. Recently, uPA has been shown to be essential in cell migration, since uPA-/- mice are greatly impaired in inflammatory cell recruitment. We have shown previously that the uPA-induced chemotaxis requires interaction with(More)
Response to genotoxic stress can be considered as a multistage process involving initiation of cell-cycle arrest and maintenance of arrest during DNA repair. Although maintenance of G2/M checkpoints is known to involve Chk1, Chk2/Rad53 and upstream components, the mechanisms involved in its initiation are less well defined. Here we report that p38 kinase(More)
Phosphorylation of p53 at Ser 46 was shown to regulate p53 apoptotic activity. Here we demonstrate that homeodomain-interacting protein kinase-2 (HIPK2), a member of a novel family of nuclear serine/threonine kinases, binds to and activates p53 by directly phosphorylating it at Ser 46. HIPK2 localizes with p53 and PML-3 into the nuclear bodies and is(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 is stabilized and activated in response to cellular stress through post-translational modifications including acetylation. p300/CBP-mediated acetylation of p53 is negatively regulated by MDM2. Here we show that MDM2 can promote p53 deacetylation by recruiting a complex containing HDAC1. The HDAC1 complex binds MDM2 in a(More)
We identified and characterized two new ING family genes, p29ING4 and p28ING5,coding for two proteins of 249 and 240 amino acids, respectively. Both p29ING4 and p28ING5 proteins have a plant homeodomain finger motif also found in other ING proteins, and which is common in proteins involved in chromatin remodeling. p29ING4 or p28ING5 overexpression resulted(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) not only inhibit DNA synthesis of retinal pericytes, but also elicit vascular hyperpermeability, pathological angiogenesis, and thrombogenic reactions by inducing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) through the interaction with the receptor for AGEs (RAGE), thereby(More)
Modification-specific antibodies were used to characterize the phosphorylation and acetylation of human p53 in response to genotoxic (UV, IR, and adriamycin) and non-genotoxic (PALA, taxol, nocodazole) stress in cultured human cells at 14 known modification sites. In A549 cells, phosphorylation or acetylation was induced at most sites by the three DNA(More)
The oncogenic ras mutation is a common and critical step in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. In a previous study, we demonstrated that oncogenic ras activated the EGF-related peptide autocrine loop and that the apoptosis resistance observed in the oncogenic ras-stimulated cell (IEC-ras cell) was dependent on this activated EGF-related peptide autocrine(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein preserves genome integrity by regulating growth arrest and apoptosis in response to DNA damage. In response to ionizing radiation (IR), ATM, the gene product mutated in ataxia telangiectasia, stabilizes and activates p53 through phosphorylation of Ser(15) and (indirectly) Ser(20). Here we show that phosphorylation of p53 on(More)