Yuichiro Arima

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Intercellular interactions within the branchial arch (BA) system is essential for craniofacial development. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), produced by the branchial epithelium and core mesenchyme, acts on cranial neural crest-derived ectomesenchymcal cells expressing endothelin A receptor (ETAR) and regulates expression of crucial genes such as Dlx6, a member of(More)
The origin and developmental mechanisms underlying coronary vessels are not fully elucidated. Here we show that myocardium-derived angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is essential for coronary vein formation in the developing heart. Cardiomyocyte-specific Ang1 deletion results in defective formation of the subepicardial coronary veins, but had no significant effect on(More)
BACKGROUND Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants are used to prevent thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation. The T-TAS "Total Thrombus-formation Analysis System" (Fujimori Kogyo Co Ltd) was developed for quantitative analysis of thrombus formation using microchips with thrombogenic surfaces (collagen, platelet chip [PL] ; collagen plus(More)
Endothelin-1 (Edn1), originally identified as a vasoconstrictor peptide, is involved in the development of cranial/cardiac neural crest-derived tissues and organs. In craniofacial development, Edn1 binds to Endothelin type-A receptor (Ednra) to induce homeobox genes Dlx5/Dlx6 and determines the mandibular identity in the first pharyngeal arch. However, it(More)
High residual platelet reactivity in patients receiving clopidogrel is associated with an increased risk of a cardiovascular event after coronary stenting. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms on platelet reactivity during dual antiplatelet therapy. We determined the CYP2C19 and CYP3A5(More)
Most gnathostomata craniofacial structures derive from pharyngeal arches (PAs), which are colonized by cranial neural crest cells (CNCCs). The anteroposterior and dorsoventral identities of CNCCs are defined by the combinatorial expression of Hox and Dlx genes. The mechanisms associating characteristic Hox/Dlx expression patterns with the topology and(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori infection and interleukin-1 polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. We examined the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori seropositivity and interleukin-1 polymorphisms between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome patients. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Drug-eluting stents are replacing bare-metal stents, but in-stent restenosis (ISR) remains a problem. Reactive hyperemia index (RHI) assessed by peripheral arterial tonometry evaluates endothelial function noninvasively. We prospectively assessed the prognostic value of RHI in predicting ISR after percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial lactate production in the coronary circulation during acetylcholine (ACh)-provocation test (abbreviated as lactate production) provides supporting evidence for coronary spasm-induced myocardial ischemia. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical features, predictive factors, and prognosis of patients with coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Statin therapy reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of statins on the prognosis of patients with coronary vasospastic angina (VSA) free of significant atherosclerotic stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS After exclusion of 475 from 1877(More)
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