Yuichiro Akiyama

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BACKGROUND Malignant melanoma is often accompanied by a host response of inflammatory cell infiltration that is highly regulated by multiple adhesion molecules. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of adhesion molecules, including P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), P-selectin, and E-selectin. METHODS Subcutaneous primary growth and metastasis to the(More)
CD163 is a 130-kDa, type I transmembrane protein belonging to group B of the cysteine-rich scavenger receptor family. Expression of CD163 is constitutive and/or induced by some stimuli on circulating monocytes and most tissue macrophages. An approximately 130-kDa soluble form of human CD163 is released from the cell surface by proteolysis after oxidative(More)
Mice s.c. injected with bleomycin, an experimental model for human systemic sclerosis, develop skin and lung fibrosis, which is mediated by inflammatory cell infiltration. This process is highly regulated by multiple adhesion molecules and does not require Ag sensitization. To assess the role of adhesion molecules in this pathogenetic process,(More)
When varying numbers of sensitized, 14C-labeled bacteria were treated with a certain amount of complement, in a fixed reaction volume, 14C compounds were liberated into the surrounding medium in proportion to the number of the bacteria, whereas the amount of the phospholipids liberated was constant regardless of the number of the bacteria even in the range(More)
Painting subsensitizing doses of contact sensitizers on skin (low-dose tolerization) induces antigen (Ag)-specific tolerance, known as low zone tolerance (LZT), which has been experimentally demonstrated by the inhibition of contact hypersensitivity (CHS). Although LZT resulted from the inhibition of the sensitization phase, the effects on the(More)
An analytical method was developed for estimating the number of hits necessary to lyse or kill cells in which various concentrations of the cells are treated with a constant amount of the lytic or killing agent in a constant reaction volume. The reaction may be due to a single-component agent or occur by a sequential chain of reactions due to a(More)
Several strains that were resistant to the bactericidal action of antibody and complement were isolated from Escherichia coli K-12 W3110/SM by selecting them through the medium containing antiserum and complement. They can be agglutinated by antiserum against the parent strain and showed similar immune adherence reactivity to the parent when sensitized with(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) causes the release of superoxide during the metabolic process. Therefore, Yusho victims are thought to be exposed to oxidative stress caused by PCB, because high concentrations of PCB are still detected in the serum of Yusho victims. Furthermore, oxidative stress contributes to the generation of autoantibodies because of(More)
When liposomal membranes were attacked by antibody and complement, enzymatic degradation of membrane phospholipids was not observed. However, intact membrane phospholipids were released into the surrounding medium in amounts beyond that expected from nonspecific protein-phospholipid interaction. On the other hand, when liposomal membranes were treated with(More)