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The posterior predictive check (PPC) is a model evaluation tool. It assigns a value (pPPC) to the probability that the value of a given statistic computed from data arising under an analysis model is as or more extreme than the value computed from the real data themselves. If this probability is too small, the analysis model is regarded as invalid for the(More)
During senescence and at times of stress, plants can mobilize needed nitrogen from chloroplasts in leaves to other organs. Much of the total leaf nitrogen is allocated to the most abundant plant protein, Rubisco. While bulk degradation of the cytosol and organelles in plants occurs by autophagy, the role of autophagy in the degradation of chloroplast(More)
In this paper, we propose a Chaotic Complex-valued Bidirectional Associative Memory (CCBAM) which can realize one-to-many associations of multi-valued patterns. The proposed model is based on the Bidirectional Associative Memory, and is composed of complex-valued neurons and chaotic complex-valued neurons. In the proposed model, associations of multi-valued(More)
The proliferation and differentiation of cells are greatly influenced by their environment. Many growth factors and cytokines are reported to be environmental factors that affect the proliferation and differentiation of cells. Mechanical stress is also considered to influence these physiological reactions. The joint capsule, which is a part of the joint(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine cyclophosphamide exposure to preparers during tablet crushing and subsequent handling by analyzing indoor air collected using a high-performance volatile organic compounds-solvent desorption (VOC-SD) passive air sampler. METHODS The passive sampler was taped to the mask over the mouth of the preparer and indoor air was collected(More)
A heterodinuclear complex based on a Ru(II)-TPA [TPA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine] complex having a peripheral Cu(II)(bpy)(2) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) group bonded through an amide linkage displayed reversible intramolecular electron transfer between the Ru and Cu complex units that can be controlled by protonation and deprotonation of the bridging amide(More)
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