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During senescence and at times of stress, plants can mobilize needed nitrogen from chloroplasts in leaves to other organs. Much of the total leaf nitrogen is allocated to the most abundant plant protein, Rubisco. While bulk degradation of the cytosol and organelles in plants occurs by autophagy, the role of autophagy in the degradation of chloroplast(More)
In this paper, we propose a Chaotic Complex-valued Bidirectional Associative Memory (CCBAM) which can realize one-to-many associations of multi-valued patterns. The proposed model is based on the Bidirectional Associative Memory, and is composed of complex-valued neurons and chaotic complex-valued neurons. In the proposed model, associations of multi-valued(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine cyclophosphamide exposure to preparers during tablet crushing and subsequent handling by analyzing indoor air collected using a high-performance volatile organic compounds-solvent desorption (VOC-SD) passive air sampler. METHODS The passive sampler was taped to the mask over the mouth of the preparer and indoor air was collected(More)
The oxidizing ability of benzo-dipteridine bearing a bipyridin-6-ylmethyl moiety (4) was found to be increased with Zn(2+) by approximately 10(3)-fold for sulfite addition in MeOH and approximately 10(2)-fold for oxidation of an NADH model in MeCN. It was found for the first time that 4 is able to oxidize alpha-hydroxy acids to alpha-keto acids in the(More)
A heterodinuclear complex based on a Ru(II)-TPA [TPA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine] complex having a peripheral Cu(II)(bpy)(2) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) group bonded through an amide linkage displayed reversible intramolecular electron transfer between the Ru and Cu complex units that can be controlled by protonation and deprotonation of the bridging amide(More)
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