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Arodent cardiac side population cell fraction formed clonal spheroids in serum-free medium, which expressed nestin, Musashi-1, and multi-drug resistance transporter gene 1, markers of undifferentiated neural precursor cells. These markers were lost following differentiation, and were replaced by the expression of neuron-, glial-, smooth muscle cell-, or(More)
Sympathetic innervation is critical for effective cardiac function. However, the developmental and regulatory mechanisms determining the density and patterning of cardiac sympathetic innervation remain unclear, as does the role of this innervation in arrhythmogenesis. Here we show that a neural chemorepellent, Sema3a, establishes cardiac sympathetic(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular mechanisms regulating the cardiac sensory nervous system remain poorly understood. Cardiac sensory nerve impairment causes silent myocardial ischemia, a main cause of sudden death in diabetes mellitus (DM). The present study focused on the roles of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the regulation of the cardiac sensory nervous system and(More)
BACKGROUND We recently reported that cardiomyocytes could be differentiated from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro by 5-azacytidine treatment. In native cardiomyocytes, adrenergic and muscarinic receptors play crucial roles in mediating heart rate, conduction velocity, contractility, and cardiac hypertrophy. We investigated whether these receptors(More)
Dividing cardiomyocytes are observed in autopsied human hearts following recent myocardial infarction, however there is a lack of information in the literature on the division of these cells. In this study we used a rat model to investigate how and when adult mammalian cardiomyocytes proliferate by cell division after myocardial infarction. Myocardial(More)
Both integrin-based focal adhesion complexes and receptor tyrosine kinases have been proposed as scaffolds on which the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-induced signaling complex might assemble. We have recently reported that Ca2+-sensitive tyrosine kinase, Pyk2, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) act as independently regulated scaffolds in(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (CMG cells) are multipotent and can be induced by 5-azacytidine to differentiate into cardiomyocytes. We characterized the electrophysiological properties of these cardiomyocytes and investigated their potential for use as transplantable bio-pacemakers. After differentiation, action potentials in spontaneously beating(More)
[reaction: see text] The radical trifluoromethylation of ketone silyl enol ethers gave alpha-CF(3) ketones in good yields with wide scope of the ketonic substrates including acyclic ketones and cyclopentanone. The use of dialkylzinc to activate the silyl enol ethers is the key to the efficient radical trifluoromethylation.
21 Growth hormone (GH, 0.0025 and 0.025 I.U. ml ) and g-aminobutyric acid (GABA, 50 mg 21 ml ) enhance rotifer population growth in batch cultures. In order to further understand the mechanism of their actions, we conducted experiments culturing isolated females at low food and 6 high free ammonia levels. At an optimum food level of 7 3 10 Nannochloropsis(More)