Learn More
ABSTRACT Strains of Pseudomonas syringae (78 strains and 43 pathovars) and other strains (79) of plant and insect origin were examined for the presence of the ethylene-forming enzyme gene (efe) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. The sequence of the efe gene of P. syringae pv. phaseolicola PK2 was used to design two primer sets for amplification of(More)
The hrpS to hrpB regions from strains of Pseudomonas syringae were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the DNA sequence determined. The order of hrpS, hrpA, hrpZ, and hrpB was consistent among P. syringae strains. The sequence of hrpS was highly conserved. In a cluster analysis with the hrpS sequence, P. syringae strains were divided into four(More)
The genetic diversity of 120 Ralstonia solanacearum strains isolated from a variety of host plants across Japan was assessed on the basis of hypersensitive response (HR) in tobacco leaves and phylogenetic analyses of endoglucanase gene egl, hrpB, and gyrB. Phylogenetic analysis of egl revealed that only three strains belonged to phylotype IV, and 117(More)
ABSTRACT In a recent Letter to the Editor of Phytopathology, proposals were made for endorsement and for rejection of selected names of plant pathogenic Pseudomonas spp. and Xanthomonas spp. We believe that support for, and rejection of, several names was based on misconceptions concerning the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and entails misinterpretations(More)
Previously, we classified Pseudomonas syringae strains into at least three groups (I, II and U) by comparing DNA homology at the hrp cluster and its neighboring regions (Inoue and Takikawa 1999). However, heterogeneous strains remained in the undetermined group (group U). We further classify group U, using pvs. syringae and coronafaciens as references.(More)
White top strain (WT strain) of Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi (Ppi) is a variant strain causing white top disease of peas. The WT strain is distinguishable from common Ppi strains only by symptom expression chlorosis and whitening of apical shoots. To develop a specific detection method for the WT strain, we cloned a specific DNA region of the WT strain(More)
Bacterial leaf spot disease of hemp was observed in Tochigi Prefecture, Japan in 1982 and characterized by necrotic lesions ca. 1–2 mm diameter on leaves with a yellow halo 2–3 mm wide. In this report, we describe the pathological, physiological and genetic properties of the causal bacterium. Our results indicated that this bacterium is identical with(More)
In 2004, bacterial galls were found on the roots of carrots in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Galls were about 0.1–2 cm in diameter, light brown in color and had rough surfaces. In 2005, similar galls were found on the roots of three weeds: henbit (Lamium amplexicaule L.), Persian speedwell (Veronica persica Poir.) and leaf mustard (Brassica juncea L.). A(More)
In 2001, a bacterial rot of onion (Allium cepa L.) bulbs was observed in Japan. The causal agent was identified as Bukholderia cepacia (Palleroni & Holmes 1981 ex Burhkolder 1950) Yabuuchi, Kosako, Oyaizu, Yano, Hotta, Ezaki, and Arakawa 1993. The identified bacteria were divided into two groups (Y and W) based on colony colors, and several phenotypic and(More)
At present, much attention is being given to the potential of plant pathogens, including plant-pathogenic bacteria, as biological weapons/bioterror weapons. These two terms are sometimes used interchangeably and there is need for care in their application. It has been claimed that clandestine introduction of certain plant-pathogenic bacteria could cause(More)