Yuichi Sugiyama

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Membrane transporters can be major determinants of the pharmacokinetic, safety and efficacy profiles of drugs. This presents several key questions for drug development, including which transporters are clinically important in drug absorption and disposition, and which in vitro methods are suitable for studying drug interactions with these transporters. In(More)
As an increasing number of field studies of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) have achieved long-term status across Africa, differences in the behavioural repertoires described have become apparent that suggest there is significant cultural variation. Here we present a systematic synthesis of this information from the seven most long-term studies, which(More)
It has already been demonstrated that pitavastatin, a novel potent HMG-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, is taken up into human hepatocytes mainly by organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1. Because OATP2B1 is also localized in the basolateral membrane of human liver, we took two approaches to further confirm the minor contribution of OATP2B1 to the(More)
A cDNA encoding a novel multispecific organic anion transporter, OAT4, was isolated from a human kidney cDNA library. The OAT4 cDNA consisted of 2210 base pairs that encoded a 550-amino acid residue protein with 12 putative membrane-spanning domains. The amino acid sequence of OAT4 showed 38 to 44% identity to those of other members of the OAT family.(More)
A cDNA encoding the new member of the multispecific organic anion transporter family, OAT3, was isolated by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction cloning method. Degenerate primers were designed based on the sequences conserved among OAT1, OAT2, and organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was(More)
Rosuvastatin is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor and one of the most hydrophilic among the commercially available statins. It is efficiently accumulated in the liver and excreted into the bile in an unchanged form in rats, suggesting that hepatic transporters play a major role in its clearance. Therefore, we investigated the transporters responsible for the(More)
As a new approach to predicting in vivo drug metabolism in humans, scaling of in vivo metabolic clearance from in vitro data obtained using human liver microsomes or hepatocytes is described in this review, based on the large number of literature data. Successful predictions were obtained for verapamil, loxtidine (lavoltidine), diazepam, lidocaine,(More)
Pitavastatin, a novel potent 3-hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitor, is selectively distributed to the liver in rats. However, the hepatic uptake mechanism of pitavastatin has not been clarified yet. In the present study, we investigated the contribution of organic anion transporting polypeptide 2 (OATP2/OATP1B1) and OATP8 (OATP1B3) to pitavastatin(More)
We investigated the quantitative prediction of human hepatic metabolic clearance from in vitro experiments focusing on cytochrome P450 metabolism with eight model compounds, FK1052, FK480, zolpidem, omeprazole, nicardipine, nilvadipine, diazepam, and diltiazem. For the compounds, in vivo human hepatic extraction ratios ranged widely from 0.03 to 0.87. In(More)