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Mice lacking the function of the polycomb group protein CBX2 (chromobox homolog 2; also known as M33) show defects in gonadal, adrenal, and splenic development. In particular, XY knockout (KO) mice develop ovaries but not testes, and the gonads are hypoplastic in both sexes. However, how CBX2 regulates development of these tissues remains largely unknown.(More)
Ad4BP/SF-1 [adrenal4 binding protein/steroidogenic factor-1 (NR5A1)] is a factor important for animal reproduction and endocrine regulation, and its expression is tightly regulated in the gonad, adrenal gland, ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus, and pituitary gonadotrope. Despite its functional significance in the pituitary, the mechanisms underlying(More)
Genetic deficiencies in transcription factors can lead to the loss of certain types of cells and tissue. The steroidogenic tissue-specific nuclear receptor Ad4BP/SF-1 (NR5A1) is one such gene, because mice in which this gene is disrupted fail to develop the adrenal gland and gonads. However, the specific role of Ad4BP/SF-1 in these biological events remains(More)
The gonadal primordium first emerges as a thickening of the embryonic coelomic epithelium, which has been thought to migrate mediodorsally to form the primitive gonad. However, the early gonadal development remains poorly understood. Mice lacking the paired-like homeobox gene Emx2 display gonadal dysgenesis. Interestingly, the knockout (KO) embryonic gonads(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE An increased expression of immediate early genes, such as the c-fos and c-jun, is observed in some organs after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. These factors have been revealed to potentially induce apoptosis and proliferation of the postischemic cells. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between the expression(More)
The nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1/adrenal 4 binding protein (SF-1/Ad4BP) is an essential regulator of endocrine development and function, and the expression of the corresponding gene (sf-1/ad4bp) is precisely regulated in a time- and tissue-dependent manner. We previously demonstrated that the basal promoter of sf-1/ad4bp is controlled by DNA(More)
Ad4BP/SF-1 [Ad4 binding protein/steroidogenic factor-1 (designated NR5A1)] is a transcription factor essential for animal reproduction. Based on the phenotypes observed in gene-disrupted mice, Ad4BP/SF-1 is thought to be involved in establishment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. However, the mechanisms underlying tissue-specific expression of(More)
Ad4BP/SF-1 (NR5A1) was identified as a key regulator of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal and -adrenal axes. Loss-of-function studies revealed that Ad4BP/SF-1 is essential for the development of these tissues and spleen. Here, we generated transgenic mouse with BAC recombinants carrying a dual promoter and Tet-off system. These recombinants have a(More)
Adrenal 4 binding protein/steroidogenic factor 1 (Ad4BP/SF-1) (Nr5a1) is a nuclear receptor essential for reproductive tissue development and endocrine regulation. This factor is expressed in steroidogenic tissues (e.g. adrenal glands and gonads), and expression of this factor is tightly regulated in a tissue and cell type-specific manner. Our previous(More)
OBJECTIVE Heterozygous SOX2 mutations have recently been reported to cause isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), in addition to ocular and brain abnormalities. Here, we report a further case with a heterozygous hypomorphic SOX2 mutation and isolated HH. PATIENT The patient was a 28-year-old Japanese female with congenital right anophthalmia and(More)