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Poly(aspartic acid)-block-polylactide diblock copolymers (PAsp-b-PLAs) having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic segments of various lengths were synthesized. These PAsp-b-PLA diblock copolymers formed polymeric micelles consisting of a hydrophobic PLA core and a hydrophilic, pH-sensitive PAsp shell in aqueous solution. The effects of the segment length of(More)
Copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1)-like immunoreactivity has been demonstrated in Lewy body-like inclusions (LIs) in brain tissues from patients with familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Using immunocytochemistry, we studied Lewy bodies (LBs), the original inclusions from which the term LI was derived, in five patients with Parkinson(More)
BACKGROUND Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent attacks of fever with serosal inflammation. FMF gene (MEFV) mutations have been identified primarily in patients from Mediterranean populations. Although several clinical cases have been reported in Japan, there have been few reports to date on(More)
The synthesis of poly(L-lactide) (polyLA) end-capped with lactose residue was studied from the standpoint of development of a new bioabsorbable material. After the hydroxyl group of t-butoxycarbonyl(Boc)-aminoethanol was converted to Boc-aminoethanol-OK by using potassium/naphthalene, L-lactide was polymerized in tetrahydrofuran using Boc-aminoethanol-OK as(More)
Polymeric micelles, as drug delivery vehicles, must achieve specific targeting and high stability in the body for efficient drug delivery. We recently reported the preparation of polyanion-coated biodegradable polymeric micelles by coating positively charged polymeric micelles consisting of poly(L-lysine)-block-poly(L-lactide) (PLys-b-PLLA) AB diblock(More)
We synthesized series of amphiphilic AB-type block copolymers having systematic variation in the core-forming segments using poly(lactide-co-depsipeptide)s as a hydrophobic segment and prepared polymeric micelles using the block copolymers, PEG-b-poly(lactide-co-depsipeptide). We then discussed the relationship between the core-forming segment structure and(More)
Patients with neonatal-onset nonketotic hyperglycinemia have high-glycine content in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) which is believed to be a cause of intractable neurologic manifestations. The glycine receptor was believed to be inhibitory in the central nervous system; however, a newly discovered glycine receptor is of the excitatory N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)
In tissue engineering related to the regeneration of damaged or lost tissue, excellent biodegradable materials are desired as temporary scaffolds to support cell growth and then disappear with the progress of tissue regeneration. We previously synthesized biodegradable poly(depsipeptide-co-lactide), poly[(Glc-Asp)-co-LA], and poly[(Glc-Lys)-co-LA] with(More)
Biodegradable copolymers consisting of a hydrophilic poly[l-aspartic acid-alt-poly(ethylene glycol)] (poly(l-Asp-alt-PEG)) backbone and hydrophobic capryl units as side chains were synthesized. The amphiphilic copolymer was found to form nanosized hydrogel particles (nanogels) of approximately 15 nm in size by self-assembly at 20 degrees C in aqueous media,(More)
Recent studies have focused on the active targeting of drug delivery by combining a homing device and antitumor drug. For this purpose, synthesis of a well-designed vehicle (such as polymer/drug conjugates or nanoparticles) carrying a drug and a homing device requires many steps. We propose a new type of drug delivery system (DDS) by formation of a complex(More)