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BACKGROUND Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent attacks of fever with serosal inflammation. FMF gene (MEFV) mutations have been identified primarily in patients from Mediterranean populations. Although several clinical cases have been reported in Japan, there have been few reports to date on(More)
The neurotoxin N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was found to be taken up into fetal mice through the placenta from a maternal mouse. C57 black mice were mated and MPTP (30 mg/kg) was given intramuscularly at the 18th day of gestation. Definite amounts of MPTP were detected in fetal brains by assay using high-performance liquid(More)
Poly(aspartic acid)-block-polylactide diblock copolymers (PAsp-b-PLAs) having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic segments of various lengths were synthesized. These PAsp-b-PLA diblock copolymers formed polymeric micelles consisting of a hydrophobic PLA core and a hydrophilic, pH-sensitive PAsp shell in aqueous solution. The effects of the segment length of(More)
A dopaminergic neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-pyridine (MPTP), administered to a pregnant female was found to affect postnatally the catecholamine metabolism of the pups. MPTP (5 mg/kg body weight/day) was administered to pregnant C57 Black BYA mice daily for 7 days between the 12th and 18th day of gestation. Dopamine levels and tyrosine(More)
Patients with neonatal-onset nonketotic hyperglycinemia have high-glycine content in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) which is believed to be a cause of intractable neurologic manifestations. The glycine receptor was believed to be inhibitory in the central nervous system; however, a newly discovered glycine receptor is of the excitatory N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)
Polymeric micelles, as drug delivery vehicles, must achieve specific targeting and high stability in the body for efficient drug delivery. We recently reported the preparation of polyanion-coated biodegradable polymeric micelles by coating positively charged polymeric micelles consisting of poly(L-lysine)-block-poly(L-lactide) (PLys-b-PLLA) AB diblock(More)
We synthesized series of amphiphilic AB-type block copolymers having systematic variation in the core-forming segments using poly(lactide-co-depsipeptide)s as a hydrophobic segment and prepared polymeric micelles using the block copolymers, PEG-b-poly(lactide-co-depsipeptide). We then discussed the relationship between the core-forming segment structure and(More)
Biodegradable shape-memory polymer networks prepared by cross-linking star shape branched oligo(ε-caprolactone) (bOCL) with hexamethylene diisocyanate are introduced. The thermal and mechanical properties of these networks were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry and tensile testing, respectively, and the morphology of the phase structure(More)
cis-Dichloro(cyclohexane-trans-l-1,2-diamine)platinum(II) (Dach-Pt(chlorato)), is a platinum complex which is expected to exhibit higher antitumor activity than, and show no cross resistance with, cisplatin. However, its strong side-effects and low water-solubility have also been cited. We report that polymer/antitumor drug conjugates shows reduced(More)
Biodegradable polyrotaxanes (PRXs) were synthesized from bis-amino-terminated poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) and alpha-cyclodextrin (alpha-CD), combined with capping by bulky end groups at the amino-termini of PLLA through enzymatically cleavable peptide linkages. The crystalline structure of the PRXs in the solid state was investigated by wide-angle X-ray(More)