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More than 100 micros dissipative particle dynamics simulations were carried out to investigate the spontaneous formation process of threadlike micelles from the random configuration for surfactant molecules. Stable spherical micelles were formed during the earlier stage. These spherical micelles fused to each other and grew into rodlike and threadlike(More)
This paper discusses a fully decentralized algorithm able to create a coherent swam of autonomous mobile robots from the viewpoint of “computational physics”. To this end, we particularly focus on the “Molecular Dynamics method” and the “Stokesian Dynamics method”, both of which are widely used to investigate multi-body systems. To verify the feasibility of(More)
Silkworms can produce strong and tough fibers at room temperature and from an aqueous solution. Therefore, it seems useful to study the mechanism of fiber formation by silkworms for development of synthetic polymers with excellent mechanical properties. The rheological behaviors of native silk dopes stored in the silk glands of Bombyx mori and Samia cynthia(More)
Simulation results of the primitive chain network (PCN) model for entangled polymers are compared here to existing data of diffusion coefficient, linear and nonlinear shear and elongational rheology of monodisperse polystyrene melts. Since the plateau modulus of polystyrene is well known from the literature, the quantitative comparison between the whole set(More)
It has been established that entangled polymer dynamics can be reasonably described by single chain models such as tube and slip-link models. Although the entanglement effect is a result of hard-core interaction between chains, linkage between the single chain models and the real multi-chain system has not been established yet. In this study, we propose a(More)
The differences in formation and structural properties of polymer networks consisting of end-linked flexible or rigid chains were studied by molecular dynamics simulation. Networks were formed from monodisperse, linear, short, flexible or rigid chains with functional end groups and a stoichiometric ratio of trifunctional cross-linkers. The rigid chains had(More)
DNA motion during biased sinusoidal field gel electrophoresis around the antiresonance condition was investigated by direct observation using fluorescent microscopy and Brownian dynamics simulation. Time development of the center of mass velocity, vx, and the principal value of the gyration tensor, R1, was measured at this antiresonance condition. The(More)
To optimize automation for polymer processing, attempts have been made to simulate the flow of entangled polymers. In industry, fluid dynamics simulations with phenomenological constitutive equations have been practically established. However, to account for molecular characteristics, a method to obtain the constitutive relationship from the molecular(More)
Molecular theories for polymer rheology are based on conformational dynamics of the polymeric chain. Hence, measurements directly related to molecular conformations appear more appealing than indirect ones obtained from rheology. In this study, primitive chain network simulations are compared to experimental data of entangled DNA solutions [Teixeira et al.,(More)
It has been known that giant DNA shows structural transitions in aqueous solutions under the existence of counterions and other polymers. However, the mechanism of these transitions has not been fully understood. In this study, we directly observed structures of probed (dye-labeled), dilute DNA chains in unprobed DNA/polyethylene glycol (PEG)/monovalent(More)