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PURPOSE GF120918 has a high inhibitory effect on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). We developed [(11)C]GF120918 as a positron emission tomography (PET) probe to assess if dual modulation of P-gp and BCRP is useful to evaluate brain penetration. PROCEDURES PET studies using [(11)C]GF120918 were conducted on P-gp and/or Bcrp(More)
A compartment model has been used for kinetic analysis of dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) data [e.g., 2-deoxy-2-18F-fluoro-D-glucose (FDG)]. The input function of the model [the plasma time-activity curve (pTAC)] was obtained by serial arterial blood sampling. It is of clinical interest to develop a method for PET studies that estimates the pTAC(More)
PET enables not only visualization of the distribution of radiotracer, but also has ability to quantify several biomedical functions. Compartmental model is a basic idea to analyze dynamic PET data. This review describes the principle of the compartmental model and categorizes the techniques and approaches for the compartmental model according to various(More)
Root mean square (RMS) of trunk acceleration is seen frequently in gait analysis research. However, many studies have reported that the RMS value was related to walking speed. Therefore, the relationship between the RMS value and walking speed should be considered when the RMS value is used to assess gait abnormality. We hypothesized that the RMS values in(More)
OBJECTIVE Dopamine transporter (DAT) is a reuptake carrier of dopamine at presynapse that regulates dopaminergic neural transmission. [(11)C]PE2I is a cocaine analog developed as a potent positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for DAT with high selectivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of quantification methods using reference(More)
The effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) on the odontoblast-like differentiation of pulp cells was evaluated using heat-shock protein 25 (hsp25) as a marker for odontoblast differentiation. The cells were cultured with tooth-colored MTA or calcium hydroxide-containing cement (Dycal). The effects of the materials on the pulp cells were observed using a(More)
We have previously proposed a statistical method for extracting a plasma time-activity curve (pTAC) from dynamic PET images, named EPICA, for kinetic analysis of cerebral glucose metabolism. We assumed that the dynamic PET images consist of a blood-related component and a tissue-related component which are spatially independent in a statistical sense. The(More)
OBJECTIVE This in vitro study examines the whitening efficacy of a light-emitting diode (LED), a diode laser, and a KTP laser irradiation in dental bleaching by analyzing the change in color achieved from the treatment, the temperature increase induced in the pulpal cavity, as well as enamel microhardness measurement after treatment. BACKGROUND DATA(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the caries-preventive effect of CO2 laser irradiation with or without sodium fluoride (NaF) solution at human dental enamel and dentin in vitro. BACKGROUND DATA The capability of caries prevention with CO2 laser irradiation has been reported in many previous studies, but few studies have been(More)