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The forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) are widely used and well established screening paradigms for antidepressants. A variety of antidepressive agents are known to reduce immobility time in both FST and TST. To identify genetic determinants of immobility duration in both tests, we analyzed 560 F2 mice from an intercross between C57BL/6(More)
Recent progress in genotyping technology and the development of public databases has enabled large-scale genome-wide association tests with diseases. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) of bipolar disorder (BD) in Japanese cohorts. First we used Affymetrix 100K GeneChip arrays in the analysis of 107 cases with bipolar I disorder(More)
Hypofunction of glutamatergic neurotransmission has been hypothesized to underlie the pathophysiology of bipolar affective disorder, as well as schizophrenia. We examined the role of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 2A subunit (GRIN2A) gene on 16p13.3, a region thought to be linked to bipolar disorder, (1) because in a prior study we identified a(More)
Deficits in prepulse inhibition (PPI) are a biological marker for schizophrenia. To unravel the mechanisms that control PPI, we performed quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis on 1,010 F2 mice derived by crossing C57BL/6 (B6) animals that show high PPI with C3H/He (C3) animals that show low PPI. We detected six major loci for PPI, six for the acoustic(More)
In this study, we explored the newly postulated 'disturbed cytoskeletal' theory of mood disorders. Firstly, we identified Cap1, a gene for important mediator of actin turnover, as a cogent quantitative trait gene for depressive trait of mice by combining the results of our prior genetic and current genome-wide expression analyses. Then we rigorously(More)
In this chapter, mutant mouse resources which have been developed by classical genetics as well as by modern large-scale mutagenesis projects are summarized. Various spontaneous and induced mouse mutations have been archived since the rediscovery of Mendel's genetics in 1900. Moreover, genome-wide, large-scale mutagenesis efforts have recently been(More)
We previously identified frequent deletion/insertion polymorphisms in the 20-alanine homopolymer stretch of PHOX2B (PMX2B), the gene for a transcription factor that plays important roles in the development of oculomotor nerves and catecholaminergic neurons and regulates the expression of both tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine beta-hydroxylase genes. An(More)
Hedgehog signaling is primarily transduced by two transcription factors: Gli2, which mainly acts as a full-length activator, and Gli3, which tends to be proteolytically processed from a full-length form (Gli3FL) to an N-terminal repressor (Gli3REP). Recent studies using a Sufu knockout mouse have indicated that Sufu is involved in regulating Gli2 and Gli3(More)
Wnt/β-catenin signalling regulates numerous developmental and homeostatic processes. Ctnnb1 (also known as β-catenin) is the only protein that transmits signals from various Wnt ligands to downstream genes. In this study, we report that our newly established mouse strain, which harbours a Cys429 to Ser missense mutation in the β-catenin gene, exhibited(More)
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