Yuichi Imura

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The antimicrobial peptide magainin 2 isolated from the skin of the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis crosses lipid bilayers by transiently forming a peptide-lipid supramolecular complex pore inducing membrane permeabilization and flip-flop of membrane lipids [Matsuzaki, K., Murase, O., Fujii, N., and Miyajima, K. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 11361-11368]. In(More)
PEGylation is frequently used to improve the efficacy of protein and peptide drugs. Recently, we investigated its effects on the action mechanism of the cyclic beta-sheet antimicrobial peptide tachyplesin I isolated from Tachypleus tridentatus [Y. Imura, M. Nishida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Takakura, K. Matsuzaki, Action Mechanism of Tachyplesin I and Effects of(More)
Lacticin Q is a pore-forming bacteriocin produced by Lactococcus lactis QU 5, and its antimicrobial activity is in the nanomolar range. Lacticin Q induced calcein leakage from negatively charged liposomes. However, no morphological changes in the liposomes were observed by light scattering. Concomitantly with the calcein leakage, lacticin Q was found to(More)
Interactions of cationic antimicrobial peptides with living bacterial and mammalian cells are little understood, although model membranes have been used extensively to elucidate how peptides permeabilize membranes. In this study, the interaction of F5W-magainin 2 (GIGKWLHSAKKFGKAFVGEIMNS), an equipotent analogue of magainin 2 isolated from the African(More)
PEGylation of protein and peptide drugs is frequently used to improve in vivo efficacy. We investigated the action mechanism of tachyplesin I, a membrane-acting cyclic antimicrobial peptide from Tachypleus tridentatus and the effects of PEGylation on the mechanism. The PEGylated peptide induced the leakage of calcein from egg yolk(More)
The antimicrobial peptides magainin 2 and PGLa isolated from the skin of the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis show marked functional synergism. We have proposed that the two peptides form a heterodimer composed of parallel helices with strong membrane permeabilizing activity [Hara, T., Mitani, Y., Tanaka, K., Uematsu, N., Takakura, A., Tachi, T., Kodama,(More)
To characterize the mode of action of lacticin Q (LnqQ), its membrane-permeabilizing activity was compared with that of nisin A because of the similar antimicrobial features of these compounds. Lipid II, the receptor for nisin A, was not required for LnqQ activity. LnqQ induced high-level membrane permeability in the absence of specific receptors.
Lacticin Q, a lactococcal pore-forming bacteriocin, shows activity toward Gram-positive bacteria but not Gram-negative bacteria. Lacticin Q did not induce permeability of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Experiments using model membranes containing outer membrane components suggested that lacticin Q binds to the outer membrane of Gram-negative(More)
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