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BACKGROUND In ruptured cerebral aneurysms (RCAs), identification of the rupture point of a cerebral aneurysm is useful for treatment planning. In unruptured cerebral aneurysms (URCAs), detection of the risk of aneurysmal rupture is also useful for patient management. OBJECTIVE Electrocardiographic (ECG)-gated 3D-CT angiography was performed for patients(More)
BACKGROUND Although both the alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ) and oncolytic viruses hold promise for treating glioblastoma, which remains uniformly lethal, the effectiveness of combining the two treatments and the mechanism of their interaction on cancer stem cells are unknown. METHODS We investigated the efficacy of combining TMZ and the oncolytic(More)
BACKGROUND Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) occurs frequently after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and excessive release of catecholamines (epinephrine/norepinephrine) has been suggested as its principal cause. The objective of this retrospective study is to evaluate the relative contribution of each catecholamine in the pathogenesis of NPE(More)
Patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are often complicated with acute cardiopulmonary dysfunctions, particularly neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) and takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy (TCM). This study retrospectively investigated the incidence, demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of patients with SAH complicated with both NPE(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness and limitations of the intraoperative near-infrared (NIR) indocyanine green videoangiography (ICG-VA) and analysis of fluorescence intensity in cerebrovascular surgery. METHODS Forty-eight patients received ICG-VA during various surgical procedures from May 2010 to August 2010. Included among them were 45 cases of(More)
OBJECTIVE To discuss the role of FLOW 800 innovative software for analytical color visualization and objective evaluation of fluorescence videos obtained by microscope-integrated intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence angiography in arteriovenous malformations (AVM) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Microscope-integrated intraoperative FLOW 800(More)
FLOW 800 is software for analytical colour visualisation and objective evaluation of fluorescence video obtained by microscope-integrated intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescence angiography. A 56-year-old male underwent surgical excision of a large complex arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the right parietal region. FLOW 800 software was used to(More)
Chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH) is an uncommon but potentially serious complication of clipping unruptured cerebral aneurysms. We conducted a study to identify the patients who are at risk of developing postoperative CSDH. The data from 713 consecutive patients who underwent clipping of unruptured anterior circulation aneurysms were reviewed, and risk(More)
The recent progress in chemotherapy for malignant gliomas is attributable to the introduction of the DNA-methylating agent temozolomide (TMZ); however, drug resistance remains a major issue. Previous studies have shown that TMZ induces prolonged arrest of human glioma cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle followed by a senescence-like phenomenon or(More)
Although human cells exposed to DNA-methylating agents undergo mismatch repair (MMR)-dependent G(2) arrest, the basis for the linkage between MMR and the G(2) checkpoint is unclear. We noted that mitogen-activated protein kinase p38alpha was activated in MMR-proficient human glioma cells exposed to the chemotherapeutic methylating agent temozolomide (TMZ)(More)