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Biological molecular motors have a number of unique advantages over artificial motors, including efficient conversion of chemical energy into mechanical work and the potential for self-assembly into larger structures, as is seen in muscle sarcomeres and bacterial and eukaryotic flagella. The development of an appropriate interface between such biological… (More)
The utilization of motor proteins for the movement and assembly of synthetic components is currently a goal of nanoengineering research. Application of the myosin actin motor system for nanotechnological uses has been hampered due to the low flexural rigidity of individual F-actin filaments. Here it is demonstrated how actin bundling can be used to affect… (More)
We have developed a novel mobile bioprobe using a conjugate of a kinesin-driven microtubule (MT) and malachite green (MG) as a platform for capturing MG RNA aptamers. The fluorescence of MG increases when it is bound to an MG aptamer, allowing MT-MG conjugates to work as sensors of RNA transcripts containing the MG aptamer sequence. Kinesin motor proteins… (More)
DNA-loaded microtubules (MTs) moving on a kinesin motor protein-coated substrate can selectively hybridize with a target fully matched DNA over single-base mismatched DNA and transport it. This technique is capable of collecting target biomolecules toward one point site to design new methodology of DNA analysis.
In single molecule force measurements with soft atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers, the force sensitivity is limited by the Brownian motion of the cantilever. When a cantilever is close to the surface, the hydrodynamic interaction between the cantilever beam and the surface, called the "squeezing effect", becomes significant, and the resonance peak… (More)
Protein molecules produce diverse functions according to their combination and arrangement as is evident in a living cell. Therefore, they have a great potential for application in future devices. However, it is currently very difficult to construct systems in which a large number of different protein molecules work cooperatively. As an approach to this… (More)
The gliding bacterium Mycoplasma mobile adheres to plastic surfaces and moves around vigorously. However, it has not been possible to control the direction of movements on plain surfaces. Here we report that, on patterned lithographic substrates, M. mobile cells are unable to climb tall walls and move along the bottom edge of the walls. This property to… (More)
A new nano-biomachine has been created from microtubules (MTs) and hetero-bifunctional polymer particles bearing pyruvate kinase, which is propelled on glass surfaces coated with kinesin by use of self-supplying ATP.
Residues 519-524 of Dictyostelium myosin II form a small surface loop on the actin binding face, and have been suggested to bind directly to actin through high affinity hydrophobic interactions. To test this hypothesis, we have characterized mutant myosins that lack this loop in vivo and in vitro. A mutant myosin in which this loop was replaced by an Ala… (More)
Living system use many types of micro or nano-mechanical systems, which are called "motor protein". Those biological motors have unique features, such as nano-meter scaled molecular motor, high efficiently energy transduction from chemical energy or having a capacity of self-assembly. The realization of bio-hybrid micro-machines to integrate such motor… (More)