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Three peptide toxins (Am I-III) with crab toxicity were isolated from the sea anemone Anthopleura maculata by gel filtration and reverse-phase HPLC. Am I was weakly lethal to crabs (LD50 830 microg/kg) and Am III was potently lethal (LD50 70 microg/kg), while Am II was only paralytic (ED50 420 microg/kg). The complete amino acid sequences of the three(More)
Laser treatment is considered to be effective in treating carcinoma in situ of the penis. We, however, report a case with carcinoma in situ of the penis which developed invasive carcinoma and inguinal lymphnode metastases only 6 months after the laser treatment. A 74-year-old man with pseudophimosis presented with redness of the glans penis. A physical(More)
Cisplatin, a platinum-based drug, is an important weapon against many types of cancer. It induces apoptosis by forming adducts with DNA, although many aspects of its mechanism of action remain to be clarified. Previously, we found a role for the volume-sensitive, outwardly rectifying Cl(-) channel in cisplatin-induced apoptosis. To investigate the(More)
Persistent cell shrinkage, called apoptotic volume decrease (AVD), is a pivotal event of apoptosis. Activation of the volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying Cl(-) channel (VSOR) is involved in the AVD induction. On the other hand, activation of the MAP kinase (MAPK) cascade is also known to play a critical role in apoptosis. In the present study, we(More)
Most animal cell types regulate their cell volume after an osmotic volume change. The regulatory volume increase (RVI) occurs through uptake of NaCl and osmotically obliged water after osmotic shrinkage. However, apoptotic cells undergo persistent cell shrinkage without showing signs of RVI. Persistence of the apoptotic volume decrease is a prerequisite to(More)
When 21 species of sea anemones were screened for Kv1 potassium channel toxins by competitive inhibition of the binding of (125)I-α-dendrotoxin to rat synaptosomal membranes, 11 species (two species of Actiniidae, one species of Hormathiidae, five species of Stichodactylidae and three species of Thalassianthidae) were found to be positive. Furthermore,(More)
In this paper, we present a recommendation system for automatically recentering and cropping digital still pictures that exhibit capturing artefacts. Autoframing images not only yields better visual pictures but more importantly allows us to remove undesirable artefacts such as lens obstructions by fingers, cellphone straps, or back heads. We report on our(More)
A potassium channel peptide toxin (AETX K) was isolated from the sea anemone Anemonia erythraea by gel filtration on Sephadex G-50, reverse-phase HPLC on TSKgel ODS-120T and anion-exchange HPLC on Mono Q. AETX K inhibited the binding of (125)I-alpha-dendrotoxin to rat synaptosomal membranes, although much less potently than alpha-dendrotoxin. Based on the(More)
Both transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) and splenogonadal fusion (SGF) are rare congenital abnormalities. We report a case with both TTE and SGF, simultaneously. As far as we know, this is the first reported case. In order to identify a case of TTE or SGF, it is necessary to consider that the testes and ectopic spleens have similar patterns on(More)