Yuichi Adachi

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RATIONALE Desert dust particles, including quartz, which causes inflammatory responses in the airway in animal studies, are transported to widespread regions around the globe. Epidemiologically, areas impacted by desert dust storms, such as communities in the Middle East and the Caribbean, seem to have higher incidences of asthma than might be expected. (More)
Fibroblastsin vivo reside in a three-dimensional (3-D) matrix. The 3-D culture method using collagen gels provides valuable information, but is also has some practical difficulties. In particular, the changes caused by the contraction of gels and the occasional abrupt detachment from the underlying surface have made extended culture difficult. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is the most common chronic diseases in school-aged children in Japan. It is important to consider health-related quality of life (QoL) among children with chronic diseases when treatment decisions are made. METHODS A school-based survey was conducted in randomly selected public schools in Tokyo by using a KINDL questionnaire for(More)
BACKGROUND FOXP3-positive CD4+CD25+ T cells are known to have an immunoregulatory function by means of preventing T-cell reactivity to both self- and non-self-antigens. However, the role of these cells in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases is not clear. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the quantity and quality of circulating FOXP3-positive T cells in patients(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a clinically significant and practical enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of MxA protein in human whole blood, a biological marker of viral infection. DESIGN AND METHODS A sandwich ELISA suitable for the measurement of human MxA protein in whole blood was developed using mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs)(More)
Syntenin-1 is an intracellular PDZ protein that binds multiple proteins and regulates protein trafficking, cancer metastasis, exosome production, synaptic formation, and IL-5 signaling. However, the functions of Syntenin-1 have not yet been clearly characterized in detail, especially in vivo. In this study, we generated a Syntenin-1 knock out (KO) mouse(More)
FOXP3 is required for the generation and function of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells. To elucidate the biological role of Treg cells, we used a monoclonal anti-FOXP3 antibody to examine the frequencies of Treg cells during child development. The percentages of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) T cells were constant shortly from after birth through adulthood.(More)
In vivo, fibroblasts are distributed in a three-dimensional (3-D) connective tissue matrix. Fibronectin is a major product of fibroblasts in routine cell culture and is thought to regulate many aspects of fibroblast biology. In this context, we sought to determine if the interaction of fibroblasts with a 3-D matrix might affect fibronectin production. To(More)
X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) is a rare inherited immunodeficiency that often leads to hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). XLP can be classified as XLP1 or XLP2, caused by mutations in SH2D1A and XIAP, respectively. In women, X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) of most X-linked genes occurs on one of the X chromosomes in each cell. The choice(More)