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We describe a chain of algorithms for molecular surface and volumetric mesh generation. We take as inputs the centers and radii of all atoms of a molecule and the toolchain outputs both triangular and tetrahedral meshes that can be used for molecular shape modeling and simulation. Experiments on a number of molecules are demonstrated, showing that our(More)
The reaction-diffusion system of the neuromuscular junction has been modeled in 3D using the finite element package FEtk. The numerical solution of the dynamics of acetylcholine with the detailed reaction processes of acetylcholinesterases and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors has been discussed with the reaction-determined boundary conditions. The(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase is one of three virally encoded enzymes essential for replication and, therefore, a rational choice as a drug target for the treatment of HIV-1-infected individuals. In 2007, raltegravir became the first integrase inhibitor approved for use in the treatment of HIV-infected patients, more than a decade(More)
The transverse tubular system of rabbit ventricular myocytes consists of cell membrane invaginations (t-tubules) that are essential for efficient cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. In this study, we investigate how t-tubule micro-anatomy, L-type Ca(2+) channel (LCC) clustering, and allosteric activation of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger by L-type Ca(2+)(More)
The formation of two-dimensional crystals of the membrane-bound enzyme microsomal glutathione transferase is sensitive to fractional changes in the lipid-to-protein ratio. Variation of this parameter results in crystal polymorphism. The projection structure of a p6 crystal form of the enzyme has been determined by the use of electron crystallography. The(More)
The t-tubules of mammalian ventricular myocytes are invaginations of the cell membrane that occur at each Z-line. These invaginations branch within the cell to form a complex network that allows rapid propagation of the electrical signal, and hence synchronous rise of intracellular calcium (Ca). To investigate how the t-tubule microanatomy and the(More)
Microsomal glutathione transferase 1 (MGST1) is representative of a superfamily of membrane proteins where different members display distinct or overlapping physiological functions, including detoxication of reactive electrophiles (glutathione transferase), reduction of lipid hydroperoxides (glutathione peroxidase), and production of leukotrienes and(More)
We have carried out density functional theory QM/MM calculations on the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). The QM/MM calculations indicate that the phosphorylation reaction catalyzed by PKA is mainly dissociative, and Asp166 serves as the catalytic base to accept the proton delivered by the substrate peptide. Among the key(More)
Phosphorylation mediates the function of many proteins and enzymes. In the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, phosphorylation of Thr 197 in the activation loop strongly influences its catalytic activity. In order to provide theoretical understanding about this important regulatory process, classical molecular dynamics simulations and ab(More)
Most biological processes are initiated or mediated by the association of ligands and proteins. This work studies multistep, ligand-protein association processes by Brownian dynamics simulations with coarse-grained models for HIV-1 protease (HIVp) and its neutral ligands. We report the average association times when the ligand concentration is 100 μM. The(More)