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RTK-like orphan receptor 2 (ROR2) is overexpressed in several cancers and has tumorigenic activity. However, the expression of ROR2 and its functional and prognostic significance have yet to be evaluated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to characterize the expression of ROR2 mRNA in PDAC,(More)
Plants produce a very large number of specialized compounds that must be transported from their site of synthesis to the sites of storage or disposal. Anthocyanin accumulation has provided a powerful system to elucidate the molecular and cellular mechanisms associated with the intracellular trafficking of phytochemicals. Benefiting from the unique(More)
The cutting-edge technology of three-dimensional liver decellularized bioscaffold has a potential to provide a microenvironment that is suitable for the resident cells and even develop a new functional organ. Liver decellularized bioscaffold preserved the native extracellular matrix and three-dimensional architecture in support of the cell culture. The goal(More)
Anthocyanins are flavonoid pigments that accumulate in the large central vacuole of most plants. Inside the vacuole, anthocyanins can be found uniformly distributed or as part of sub-vacuolar pigment bodies, the Anthocyanic Vacuolar Inclusions (AVIs). Using Arabidopsis seedlings grown under anthocyanin-inductive conditions as a model to understand how AVIs(More)
Pancreatic cancer is notorious for its difficult diagnosis at early stage and poor recurrence-free prognosis. This study aimed to investigate the possible involvement of Oct4 and Nanog in pancreatic cancer. The high expressions of Oct4 and Nanog in human pancreatic cancer tissues were found to indicate a worse prognostic value of patients. The pancreatic(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers, and the aggressiveness of pancreatic cancer is in part due to its intrinsic and extrinsic drug resistance characteristics, which are also associated with the acquisition of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Increasing evidence suggests that EMT-type cells share many biological(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world. Ubiquitin-proteasome system has been shown to play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of HCC and other malignancies. UBE2Q1 is a putative E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme, and may be involved in the regulation of cancer-related proteins. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Beta-cell replacement therapy by pancreatic islet transplantation has become a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes. However, the limited supply of human islet tissue prevents this therapy from being widely used to treat patients with type 1 diabetes. In order to obtain insulin-secreting cells, retrovirus vector pLNCX was used to transfer the human(More)
An efficient domino approach for the synthesis of arylated (Z)-enones or -enals through gold(I)-catalyzed reactions of enynols with furans was developed. PPh(3)AuNTf(2) was found to be an excellent catalyst to catalyze both of the Friedel-Crafts and furan/alkyne cyclization reactions in the same vessel. This method offers several advantages such as high(More)
Except where reference is made to the work of others, the work described in this thesis is my own or was done in collaboration with my advisory committee. This dissertation does not include proprietary or classified information. Permission is granted to Auburn University to make copies of this thesis at its discretion, upon the request of individuals or(More)