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Four new cardenolide monoglycosides, cardenolides N-1 (1), N-2 (2), N-3 (3), and N-4 (4), were isolated from Nerium oleander, together with two known cardenolides, 5 and 12, and seven cardenolide monoglycosides, 6-11 and 13. The structures of compounds 1-4 were established on the basis of their spectroscopic data. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of(More)
In efforts to identify naturally occurring compounds that act as protective agents, resveratrol, a phytoalexin existing in wine, has attracted much interest because of its diverse pharmacological characteristics. Considering that apoptosis induction is the most potent defense approach for cancer treatment, we have tried to summarize our present(More)
Five new triterpene saponins named phytolaccasaponins N-1 (1), N-2 (2), N-3 (3) N-4 (4), and N-5 (5) were isolated from the roots of Phytolacca americana together with seven known triterpene saponins (6-12). The structures of the five new saponins were established as shown in structures 1-5 on the basis of their spectroscopic data. The MDR-reversal activity(More)
Atherosclerosis, a progressive disease characterized by the accumulation of lipids and fibrous elements in the arteries, is a most important contributor to cardiovascular diseases. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phytopolyphenol compound and shows the ability to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. In this review, beneficial effects of(More)
Resveratrol, existing in two isomeric trans-and cis-forms, is a phytoalexin that has pharmacological activities, like anti-cancer and anti-cardiovascular diseases as well as life-span increasing properties. Grapes are good sources for resveratrol introduction in the human diet not only directly, but also through its products: wine. In the present work,(More)
Two new guaianolides, named chinensiolides D (5) and E (6), were isolated from Ixeris chinensis Nakai, and their structures were determined to be 10alpha-hydroxy-3-oxoguaia-11(13)-eno-12,6alpha-lactone (5) and 10alpha-hydroxy-3beta-O-[2,6-di(p-hydroxyphenylacetyl)-beta-glucopylanosyl]guaia-4(15),11(13)-dieno-12,6alpha-lactone (6). The first isolation of(More)
Twelve polar cardenolide monoglycosides, 1, 2, 4–13, and oleagenin (3) were isolated from the methanol extract of stems and twigs of Nerium oleander. Among these, oleagenin (3) and cardenolide monoglycosides named cardenolide B-1 (1) and cardenolide B-2 (2) were isolated from natural sources for the first time. The in vitro antiinflammatory activity of(More)
Sixteen cardenolide triglycosides (1–16) were isolated from stems, twigs, and leaves of Nerium oleander. Among them, 3β-O-(4-O-gentiobiosyl-d-diginosyl)-7β,8-epoxy-14-hydroxy-5β,14β-card-20(22)-enolide, named cardenolide B-3 (16), was isolated from natural sources for the first time. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of compounds 1–16 were examined(More)
A new cardenolide diglycoside (1) was isolated from Nerium oleander together with ten known cardenolide diglycosides 2-11. The structure of compound 1 was established on the basis of their spectroscopic data. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of compounds 1-11 was examined on the basis of inhibitory activity against the induction of the intercellular(More)