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The brain efflux index method is used to examine the extent to which transferrin effluxes from brain to blood across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) following intracerebral injection. Whereas high-molecular-weight dextran is nearly 100% retained in brain for up to 90 min after intracerebral injection in the Par2 region of the parietal cortex of brain, there(More)
The ferret represents an attractive species for animal modeling of lung diseases because of the similarity between ferret and human lung biology and its relatively small size and short gestation time. In an effort to establish experimental protocols necessary for cloning ferrets, optimized conditions for in vitro maturation and artificial activation of(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a chloride channel that is defective in cystic fibrosis, and has also been closely associated with ATP permeability in cells. Using a Xenopus oocyte cRNA expression system, we have evaluated the molecular mechanisms that control CFTR-modulated ATP release. CFTR-modulated ATP release was(More)
We have previously demonstrated that hybrid adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors bearing nonhomologous inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) enhance directional intermolecular recombination and the efficiency of dual-AAV vector trans-splicing in cultured cells. Using hybrid-ITR vectors carrying two exons of a lacZ minigene, we demonstrate that this dual-vector(More)
We have shown that intracellular superoxide (O(2)(*-)) production in CNS neurons plays a key role in the pressor, bradycardic, and dipsogenic actions of Ang II in the brain. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a Rac1-dependent NADPH oxidase is a key source of O(2)(*-) in Ang II-sensitive neurons and is involved in these central Ang II-dependent(More)
Antibacterial defenses in the airway are dependent on multifactorial influences that determine the composition of both fluid and/or electrolytes at the surface of the airway and the secretory products that aid in bacterial killing and clearance. In cystic fibrosis (CF), these mechanisms of airway protection may be defective, leading to increased(More)
Adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors have demonstrated great utility for long-term gene expression in muscle tissue. However, the mechanisms by which recombinant AAV (rAAV) genomes persist in muscle tissue remain unclear. Using a recombinant shuttle vector, we have demonstrated that circularized rAAV intermediates impart episomal persistence to rAAV genomes(More)
c-Src has been shown to activate NF-kappaB (nuclear factor kappaB) following H/R (hypoxia/reoxygenation) by acting as a redox-dependent IkappaBalpha (inhibitory kappaB) tyrosine kinase. In the present study, we have investigated the redox-dependent mechanism of c-Src activation following H/R injury and found that ROS (reactive oxygen species) generated by(More)