Yuho Tsuno

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Second-order rate constants have been determined spectrophotometrically for the reactions of 4-nitrophenyl X-substituted 2-methylbenzoates (2a-e) and Y-substituted phenyl 2-methylbenzoates (3a-e) with alicyclic secondary amines in 80 mol % H(2)O/20 mol % DMSO at 25.0 +/- 0.1 degrees C. The o-methyl group in the benzoyl moiety of 2a-e retards the reaction(More)
Second-order rate constants have been measured for the reactions of 2,4-dinitrophenyl X-substituted benzoates (1a-f) with a series of primary amines in 80 mol % H(2)O/20 mol % DMSO at 25.0 +/- 0.1 degrees C. The Brønsted-type plot for the reactions of 1d with primary amines is biphasic with slopes beta(1) = 0.36 at the high pK(a) region and beta(2) = 0.78(More)
Second-order rate constants have been measured for reactions of 2,4-dinitrophenyl X-substituted benzenesulfonates with a series of alicyclic secondary amines. The reaction proceeds through S-O and C-O bond fission pathways competitively. The S-O bond fission occurs more dominantly as the amine basicity increases and the substituent X in the sulfonyl moiety(More)
A kinetic study is reported for the reactions of 4-nitrophenyl X-substituted benzoates (1a-1) and Y-substituted phenyl benzoates (2a-1) with two anionic nucleophiles (OH(-) and CN(-)) and three amines (piperidine, hydrazine, and glycylglycine) in 80 mol% H(2)O-20 mol% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at 25.0 +/- 0.1 degrees C. Each Hammett plot exhibits two(More)
The carbonyl-carbon kinetic isotope effect (KIE) and the substituent effect were measured for the reaction of phenylthiomethyllithium (PhSCH(2)Li, 1) with benzaldehyde and benzophenone, and cyanomethyllithium (NCCH(2)Li, 2) with benzaldehyde, and the results were compared with those for other lithium reagents such as MeLi, PhLi, CH(2)=CHCH(2)Li, and(More)
[reaction: see text]. The sum of the rate constants for solvolysis and 18O-scrambling of 4-MeC6H4(13)CH(Me)18OC(O)C6F5 in 50/50 (v/v) trifluoroethanol/water, k(solv) + k(iso) = 1.22 x 10(-5) s(-1), is larger than k(solv) = 1.06 x 10(-5) s(-1) for solvolysis of the unlabeled ester. This shows that the ion pair intermediate undergoes significant internal(More)
A kinetic study is reported for reactions of Y-substituted phenyl X-substituted cinnamates (1a-e and 3a-g) and benzoates (2a-e and 4a-g) with a series of alicyclic secondary amines in 80 mol % H2O/20 mol % DMSO at 25.0 +/- 0.1 degrees C. Reactions of 2,4-dinitrophenyl X-substituted cinnamates (1a-e) and benzoates (2a-e) with amines result in linear(More)
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