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OBJECT Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging now permits diagnosis of increasing numbers of small, minimally symptomatic vestibular schwannomas (VSs). Because VS growth patterns over time are very important in refining treatment strategies, these matters were systematically reviewed. METHODS An extensive MEDLINE search was performed to cull studies on VS growth(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is accumulated in lipoproteins, especially high-density lipoprotein (HDL), in plasma. However, it remains uncharacterized how extracellular S1P is produced in the CNS. The treatment of rat astrocytes with retinoic acid and dibutyryl cAMP, which induce apolipoprotein E (apoE) synthesis and HDL-like lipoprotein formation,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MR imaging has advantages to detect meningeal lesions. FLAIR MR imaging was used to detect pachymeningeal thickening and thin bilateral subdural effusion/hematomas in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH). MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight patients were treated under clinical(More)
OBJECT The authors sought to investigate the mechanisms and pathophysiological effects of subdural fluid collection after surgery for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 76 patients who had undergone craniotomy. The patients included 55 with aneurysmal SAH (SAH group) and 21 with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lacunar infarction accounts for 25% of ischemic strokes, but the pathological characteristics have not been investigated systematically. A new experimental model of lacunar infarction in the miniature pig was developed to investigate the pathophysiological changes in the corticospinal tract from the acute to chronic phases. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Bias favouring publication of research with "positive" results over studies with "negative" results is widely suspected. The present investigation addressed this problem in the field of neurosurgery through a review of recent literature concerning outcome of surgery for unruptured intracranial aneurysms. METHODS AND FINDINGS A Medline search(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) without infection is a well-known phenomenon that accompanies various acute cerebral insults. We sought to determine whether the initial SIRS score was associated with outcome in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS In 103 consecutive patients with SAH, the occurrence of SIRS was(More)
OBJECT Little is understood about the clinical manifestations of basilar artery (BA) dissections, which can present with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), brainstem compression, or ischemia. In any instance, the prognosis seems poorer than that for vertebral artery (VA) dissection. The authors analyzed clinical presentations and radiological features of BA(More)
Multiple aneurysm formation secondary to an embolism from the cardiac myxoma is a well-known phenomenon. The cerebral arterial aneurysm formation process involved remains to be elucidated, although occupation of the arterial wall by tumor cells has been proven histologically. The authors present the case of a patient in whom tumor cells in the aneurysm wall(More)
Stereotactic ventralis intermedius (Vim) thalamotomy is effective for essential tremor (ET) of the limb, but the effect on the activity of the sensorimotor cortex is still unclear. The functional changes in this cortical area of patients with ET after Vim thalamotomy were investigated using functional magnetic resonance (fMR) imaging. Six patients underwent(More)