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Gelatinase A (type-IV collagenase; M(r) 72,000) is produced by tumour stroma cells and is believed to be crucial for their invasion and metastasis, acting by degrading extracellular matrix macro-molecules such as type IV collagen. An inactive precursor of gelatinase A (pro-gelatinase A) is secreted and activated in invasive tumour tissue as a result of(More)
We cloned a new member of the murine brain kinesin superfamily, KIF3B, and found that its amino acid sequence is highly homologous but not identical to KIF3A, which we previously cloned and named KIF3 (47% identical). KIF3B is localized in various organ tissues and developing neurons of mice and accumulates with anterogradely moving membranous organelles(More)
Kinesin motors are specialized enzymes that use hydrolysis of ATP to generate force and movement along their cellular tracks, the microtubules. Although numerous biochemical and biophysical studies have accumulated much data that link microtubule-assisted ATP hydrolysis to kinesin motion, the structural view of kinesin movement remains unclear. This study(More)
To further elucidate the mechanism of organelle transport, we cloned a novel member of the mouse kinesin superfamily, KIF1B. This N-terminal-type motor protein is expressed ubiquitously in various kinds of tissues. In situ hybridization revealed that KIF1B is expressed abundantly in differentiated nerve cells. Interestingly, K1F1B works as a monomer, having(More)
  • Y Okada
  • 1997
The maintenance of a constant volume in the face of extracellular and intracellular osmotic perturbation is essential for the normal function and survival of animal cells. Osmotically swollen cells restore their volume, exhibiting a regulatory volume decrease by releasing intracellular K+, Cl-, organic solutes, and obligated water. In many cell types, the(More)
A single kinesin molecule can move "processively" along a microtubule for more than 1 micrometer before detaching from it. The prevailing explanation for this processive movement is the "walking model," which envisions that each of two motor domains (heads) of the kinesin molecule binds coordinately to the microtubule. This implies that each kinesin(More)
A motor-domain construct of KIF1A, a single-headed kinesin superfamily protein, was demonstrated to take more than 600 steps before detaching from a microtubule. However, its molecular mechanism remained unclear. Here we demonstrate the nucleotide-dependent binding between the lysine-rich, highly positively charged loop 12 of the KIF1A motor domain (K-loop)(More)
We previously reported that KIF3A and KIF3B form a heterodimer that functions as a microtubule-based fast anterograde translocator of membranous organelles. We have also shown that this KIF3A/3B forms a complex with other associated polypeptides, named kinesin superfamily-associated protein 3 (KAP3). In the present study, we purified KAP3 protein by(More)
To understand the mechanisms of transport for organelles in the axon, we isolated and sequenced the cDNA encoding KIF4 from murine brain, and characterized the molecule biochemically and immunocytochemically. Complete amino acid sequence analysis of KIF4 and ultrastructural studies of KIF4 molecules expressed in Sf9 cells revealed that the protein contains(More)
A major hallmark of apoptosis is normotonic shrinkage of cells. Here, we studied the relation between apoptotic cell shrinkage and apoptotic cell death. Induction of the apoptotic volume decrease (AVD) under normotonic conditions was found to be coupled to facilitation of the regulatory volume decrease (RVD), which is known to be attained by parallel(More)