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MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1)/dual specificity protein phosphatase-1 (DUSP-1) is a negative regulator of the host inflammatory response to infection. However, the mechanisms underlying the regulation of cytokine expression by MKP-1, especially at the post-transcriptional level, have not been fully delineated. In the current study, MKP-1 specifically(More)
Precise in vivo evaluation of cerebral vasospasm caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage has remained a critical but unsolved issue in experimental small animal models. In this study, we used synchrotron radiation angiography to study the vasospasm of anterior circulation arteries in two subarachnoid hemorrhage models in rats. Synchrotron radiation angiography,(More)
Carvacrol is a natural compound extracted from many plants of the family Lamiaceae. Previous studies have demonstrated that carvacrol has potential neuroprotective effects in central nervous system diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and cerebral ischemia. In this study, we investigated the preclinical effect of carvacrol on cerebral edema after(More)
BACKGROUND Expression microarrays are widely used for investigating the nature and extent of global gene-expression changes in human cancer. Accurate genomewide gene-expression profiles have not been conducted in colon tumor and normal colon tissue specimens obtained from Chinese patients. METHODS In the present study a pure population of colon cancer and(More)
Previous studies revealed that curcumin is neuroprotective in diseases of the central nervous system such as cerebral ischemia and traumatic brain injury. However, the effect of curcumin on intracerebral hemorrhage remains unclear. We, therefore, investigated the pre-clinical effect of curcumin treatment on neurological outcomes following intracerebral(More)
Coexistence of brain tumor and intracranial aneurysm was previously considered as an uncommon phenomenon. Actually it is not rare in neurosurgical procedures, and its incidence rate may be underestimated. Furthermore, there remains a lack of consensus regarding numerous aspects of its clinical management. We performed a retrospective study of 12 cases of(More)
OBJECTIVE Most patients with Cushing's disease (CD) will have evidence of an adenoma on high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, a significant minority of patients with CD and biochemical hypercortisolaemia have no visible adenoma on MRI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of preoperative biochemical assessment(More)
BACKGROUND A number of studies have reported an association of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism with primary intracerebral hemorrhage (PICH), however the reports have demonstrated inconclusive results. To clarify this conflict, we updated the previously performed meta-analysis by Peck et al., which revealed negative results, by(More)
Neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation is a promising approach to repair the damaged brain after hemorrhagic stroke; however, it is largely limited by the poor survival of donor cells. Breakdown products of the hematoma and subsequent iron overload contribute to the impairment of survival of neural cells. There is little information regarding the mechanism(More)
The use of genetic engineering to develop important neuropathological mouse models has made cerebrovascular imaging essential for the investigation of numerous brain disorders, especially cerebrovascular disorders, such as aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. New laboratory-based X-ray microimagers exist that provide(More)