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The complete amino acid sequences of a pair of tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) prolactins (PRLs) were determined. The larger PRL of molecular mass 20,836 Da consists of 188 amino acid residues. The smaller PRL of molecular mass 19,584 Da is 11 residues shorter. On alignment of the two sequences, the 19.6-kDa PRL (tPRL177) has two conspicuous deletions on(More)
About 100 derivatives of human recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) were created by various gene-mutagenic techniques, and KW-2228, in which amino acids were replaced at five positions of N-terminal region of intact rhG-CSF, was picked up and evaluated for its biologic and physicochemical properties in comparison with intact rhG-CSF.(More)
To define the structure-function relationship, we have made a number of mutants of human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (hG-CSF) by in vitro mutagenesis. The results indicate that most of the mutations located in the internal and C-terminal regions of the molecule abolished the activity, whereas the mutants without N-terminal 4, 5, 7, or 11 amino(More)
A fused gene of the gag and env sequences of human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I), the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia, was constructed in vitro and expressed in Escherichia coli. The gag-env hybrid protein accumulated as insoluble granules with a yield of approximately 12% of the total proteins. In an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay done(More)
To determine the subcellular sites for synthesis and processing of human chorionic gonadotropin subunits in cells, first trimester placental cells were fractionated subcellularly on sucrose density gradients. Analysis of the subcellular fractions by immunobinding techniques revealed that the rough endoplasmic reticulum-rich fraction contained only(More)
A highly purified growth hormone (GH) was isolated from an unadsorbed fraction obtained by subjecting acid acetone extract of bullfrog pituitary glands to DEAE-cellulose column chromatography, a side fraction obtained during the purification of prolactin, by cation-exchange chromatography on CM-Toyopearl and high-performance liquid chromatography on ODS(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of growth hormone (GH) from a reptilian species (the sea turtle, Chelonia mydas) has been determined for the first time. The hormone was reduced, carboxymethylated, and subsequently cleaved in turn with cyanogen bromide and Staphylococcus aureus protease. The intact protein was also cleaved with lysyl endopeptidase and(More)
In vitro and in vivo anti-human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) cellular immunity was examined by immunizing rats with a truncated hybrid protein (228 amino acids) of gag and env of HTLV-1 produced by Escherichia coli. Animals were immunized with the hybrid protein reconstituted into mannan-derivative-coated liposomes (gag-env-lipo). In vitro(More)
Epidermal homeostasis is maintained by both epithelial proliferation in the stratum basale (SB) and the apoptosis of epithelial cells under physiological conditions. In this study, the induction and regulation mechanisms of epidermal apoptosis were immunohistochemically investigated in the epidermis from Wistar rat's palm and foot pad by using several(More)
New divalent (two-chain type) polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugates of a derivative of human recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF), ND28, were synthesized by a novel conjugation method using triazine ring and amino butyric acid, and separated into mono-, di- and tri-PEG2(two chains)-ND28 with high purity of more than 90%, to examine the(More)