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Endothelial cells (ECs) are constantly exposed to blood pressure-induced mechanical strain. We have previously demonstrated that cyclic strain can induce gene expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). The molecular mechanisms of gene induction by strain, however, remain unclear. Recent evidence indicates that intracellular reactive oxygen(More)
Fluid shear stress and circumferential stretch play important roles in maintaining the homeostasis of the blood vessel, and they can also be pathophysiological factors in cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. The uses of flow channels and stretch devices as in vitro models have helped to elucidate the mechanisms of signal(More)
The focal distribution of atherosclerotic lesions in the arterial tree is related to the local shear stress generated by blood flow, but the molecular basis of the atherogenic response of endothelial cells in these lesion-prone areas is still unclear. We report that shear stress mediates a biphasic response of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) gene(More)
Monocyte chemotactic protein released by endothelium plays an important role in inflammation, immune reactions and probably in atherogenesis. To elucidate the regulation of synthesis of this protein, the human gene encoding its synthesis was cloned and its nucleotide sequence was determined. This gene is composed of 3 exons of 145, 118 and 478 bp in length(More)
Multiple signal transduction pathways including protein kinase C, tyrosine phosphorylation, and an independent third signaling mechanism are involved in the activation of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 gene. Northern blot analysis showed that the incubation of endothelial cell with dioctanoylglycerol induced maximum level of monocyte chemotactic protein-1(More)
Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), a potent monocyte chemoattractant secreted by endothelial cells (ECs), is believed to play a key role in the early events of atherogenesis. Since vascular ECs are constantly subjected to mechanical stresses, we examined how cyclic strain affects the expression of the MCP-1 gene in human ECs grown on a flexible(More)
The effects of mechanical strain on monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) secretion were examined on human endothelial cells (ECs) grown on a flexible membrane base. MCP-1 release into culture medium from strained ECs was demonstrated to be time and strain dose dependent. Northern blot analysis demonstrated a mainly serum-independent 1.8-fold induction of(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic approaches to reduce the neointimal formation caused by balloon injury have been focused mainly on experimental models of restenosis in the rat carotid artery. However, restenosis in rat carotid artery may not replicate the coronary arterial responses to injury in larger animals and humans. METHODS In this study, we used pig(More)
The small molecular mass heat shock protein of 27 kDa (HSP27) has been shown to influence actin filament dynamics and endothelial cell behavior in ways similar to those observed during laminar flow. We have employed human umbilical vein endothelial cells to determine whether fluid shear stress affects HSP27 expression or phosphorylation. After a shear(More)
K is a high-level knowledge base programming language for doing general computation as well as for defining, querying, and manipulating databases in nontraditional application domains. The main features of K are: (i) knowledge abstraction facilities for supporting an extensible object-oriented semantic association knowledge model, (ii) a modularization(More)