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Health effects associated with particulate matter (PM) show seasonal variations. We hypothesized that these heterogeneous effects may be attributed partly to the differences in the elemental composition of PM. Normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells and alveolar macrophages (AMs) were exposed to equal mass of coarse [PM with aerodynamic diameter of(More)
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is associated with acute cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, but the mechanisms are not entirely clear. In this study, we hypothesized that PM may activate the angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R), a G protein-coupled receptor that regulates inflammation and vascular function. We investigated the acute effects of St.(More)
BACKGROUND There is ample epidemiologic and toxicologic evidence that exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) air pollution [aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 microm (PM(2.5))], which derives primarily from combustion processes, can result in increased mortality and morbidity. There is less certainty as to the contribution of coarse PM (PM(2.5-10)), which(More)
Epidemiologic studies have established an association between exposures to air pollution particles and human mortality and morbidity at concentrations of particles currently found in major metropolitan areas. The adverse effects of pollution particles are most prominent in susceptible subjects, including the elderly and patients with cardiopulmonary(More)
Exposure to excessive vanadium occurs in some occupations and with consumption of some dietary regimens for weight reduction and body building. Because vanadium is vasoactive, individuals exposed to excessive vanadium may develop adverse vascular effects. We have previously shown that vanadyl sulfate causes acute pulmonary vasoconstriction, which could be(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiology studies have linked exposure to pollutant particles to increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, but the mechanisms remain unknown. OBJECTIVES We tested the hypothesis that the ultrafine fraction of ambient pollutant particles would cause endothelial cell dysfunction. METHODS We profiled gene expression of human pulmonary(More)
We hypothesized that gene expression profiling may discriminate vanadium from zinc in human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs). RNA from HBECs exposed to vehicle, V (50 microM), or Zn (50 microM) for 4 hr (n = 4 paired experiments) was hybridized to Affymetrix Hu133A chips. Using one-class t-test with p < 0.01, we identified 140 and 76 genes with(More)
We investigated the epidemiology of different serotypes of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates causing bacteremic liver abscess (LA) using multilocus sequence typing (MLST). MLST and molecular typing were performed for 41 K1 (19 LA), 37 K2 (5 LA), and 33 non-K1/K2 (6 LA) isolates that were derived from a previous one-year K. pneumoniae bacteremia cohort.(More)
I. INTRODUCTION Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is increasingly recognized as an important human pathogen (43). This virus produces a series of clinical pictures varying from classic "Scytomegalic inclusion disease" to intrauterine death, prematurity, congential defects, infectious mononucleosis, postperfusion syndrome, and interstitial pneumonia in patients(More)