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Acidic extracellular pH is a major feature of tumor tissue, extracellular acidification being primarily considered to be due to lactate secretion from anaerobic glycolysis. Clinicopathological evidence shows that transporters and pumps contribute to H+ secretion, such as the Na+/H+ exchanger, the H+-lactate co-transporter, monocarboxylate transporters, and(More)
The inducible transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) plays a central role in regulation of many immune, inflammatory and carcinogenic responses. While normal activation of NF-kappaB is required for cell survival and immunity, aberrant regulation of NF-kappaB leads to development of many pathological states especially those involved in acute(More)
INTRODUCTION Ectopic tonsillar tissue simulating a benign tumor of the hypopharynx is described in this report. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of a 79-year-old Japanese woman with globus sensation. Because clinical observation revealed benign features, tumor tissue was laryngoscopically resected. From the pathological features, for example,(More)
Deguelin, a rotenoid compound from the African plant Mundulea sericea (Leguminosae), has been shown to possess antitumor activities but the exact role for the growth factor receptor mediated signaling pathway in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is currently still unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effect of deguelin on epidermal(More)
Although EGFR is expressed at high levels in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and mutations are extremely rare, monotherapy with EGFR inhibitors has shown limited success. The PI3kinase/Akt pathway is responsible for cellular survival, and inhibition of phosphatidylinositol (PI) synthesis has antiproliferative, anti-invasive, and(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in tumor invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. We have recently shown that MMI-166, a new orally active MMP inhibitor specific for MMP-2 and -9, suppressed experimental metastasis of Lewis lung cancer, C-H1 human colon cancer, and pancreatic cancer without affecting tumor growth in vitro. In the(More)
SPARC (secretory protein acidic and rich in cysteine), also known as osteonectin or BM-40, associates with progression in various kinds of tumors. We have examined whether SPARC expression can be a prognostic marker for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HN-SCC). We examined immunolocalization of SPARC in 86 clinical specimens of tongue(More)
Regression of tumor mass by chemotherapy is caused by growth suppression and/or apoptosis of tumor cells. Therefore, expression levels of cell cycle molecules and apoptosis should be predictive markers for the efficacy of a drug. In the present study, the relationship between expression of molecules in the cell cycle and apoptosis and chemosensitivity was(More)
Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) is thought to be an essential feature of malignant tumor cells when they spread into the stroma. Despite the extracellular acidity of tumor tissues, the effect of acidic extracellular pH (pH e ) on EMT in carcinoma models, including the Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) model, remains unclear. High and low metastatic LLC(More)
Angiogenesis involves multiple steps including proliferation and migration of endothelial cells. In the present study, we determined the effect of inostamycin (an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol synthesis) on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Inostamycin(More)