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The inducible transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) plays a central role in regulation of many immune, inflammatory and carcinogenic responses. While normal activation of NF-kappaB is required for cell survival and immunity, aberrant regulation of NF-kappaB leads to development of many pathological states especially those involved in acute(More)
Acidic extracellular pH is a major feature of tumor tissue, extracellular acidification being primarily considered to be due to lactate secretion from anaerobic glycolysis. Clinicopathological evidence shows that transporters and pumps contribute to H+ secretion, such as the Na+/H+ exchanger, the H+-lactate co-transporter, monocarboxylate transporters, and(More)
Laryngeal carcinoma and laryngeal papilloma are the most commonly encountered tumorous lesions in the larynx. Herein, we report a case of the mass arising from the left vocal cord in a 49-year-old Japanese man. Endoscopic examination suggested that the mass is a tumor such as carcinoma and papilloma. Pathological examination showed that the specimen(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in tumor invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. We have recently shown that MMI-166, a new orally active MMP inhibitor specific for MMP-2 and -9, suppressed experimental metastasis of Lewis lung cancer, C-H1 human colon cancer, and pancreatic cancer without affecting tumor growth in vitro. In the(More)
Regression of tumor mass by chemotherapy is caused by growth suppression and/or apoptosis of tumor cells. Therefore, expression levels of cell cycle molecules and apoptosis should be predictive markers for the efficacy of a drug. In the present study, the relationship between expression of molecules in the cell cycle and apoptosis and chemosensitivity was(More)
Deguelin, a rotenoid compound from the African plant Mundulea sericea (Leguminosae), has been shown to possess antitumor activities but the exact role for the growth factor receptor mediated signaling pathway in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is currently still unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effect of deguelin on epidermal(More)
INTRODUCTION Ectopic tonsillar tissue simulating a benign tumor of the hypopharynx is described in this report. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of a 79-year-old Japanese woman with globus sensation. Because clinical observation revealed benign features, tumor tissue was laryngoscopically resected. From the pathological features, for example,(More)
Angiogenesis involves multiple steps including proliferation and migration of endothelial cells. In the present study, we determined the effect of inostamycin (an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol synthesis) on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Inostamycin(More)
Inostamycin is an inhibitor of cytidine 5′-diphosphate 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol (CDP-DG): inositol transferase. It significantly reduced epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced in vitro invasion of the tongue carcinoma cell line, HSC-4, through reconstituted basement membrane Matrigel®. Since phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4,5-biphosphate is important for signal(More)
Although EGFR is expressed at high levels in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and mutations are extremely rare, monotherapy with EGFR inhibitors has shown limited success. The PI3kinase/Akt pathway is responsible for cellular survival, and inhibition of phosphatidylinositol (PI) synthesis has antiproliferative, anti-invasive, and(More)