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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, gene expression in the late G(1) phase is activated by two transcription factors, SBF and MBF. SBF contains the Swi4 and Swi6 proteins and activates the transcription of G(1) cyclin genes, cell wall biosynthesis genes, and the HO gene. MBF is composed of Mbp1 and Swi6 and activates the transcription of genes required for DNA(More)
Activation of eukaryotic genes often relies on remote chromatin determinants. How these determinants function remains poorly understood. The hGH gene is activated by a 5'-remote locus control region (LCR). Pituitary-specific DNase I hypersensitive site I (HSI), the dominant hGH LCR element, is separated from the hGH-N promoter by a 14.5 kb span that(More)
In the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DNA damage or ribonucleotide depletion causes the transcriptional induction of an array of genes with known or putative roles in DNA repair. The ATM-like kinase, Mec1, and the serine/threonine protein kinases, Rad53 and Dun1, are required for this transcriptional response. In this paper, we provide evidence(More)
One of the essential components of a phosphatase that specifically dephosphorylates the Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA polymerase II (RPII) large subunit C-terminal domain (CTD) is a novel polypeptide encoded by an essential gene termed FCP1. The Fcp1 protein is localized to the nucleus, and it binds the largest subunit of the yeast general transcription(More)
The cluster of genes encoding the human growth hormone (GH) contains an array of five highly related genes. From 5' to 3' these are: GHN, CSL (encoding chorionic somatomammotropin-like gene), CSA, GHV (encoding GH-variant gene) and CSB. These five genes are expressed in mutually exclusive tissue distributions, GHN in pituitary somatotropes and the remaining(More)
Gene activation in higher eukaryotes is often under the control of regulatory elements quite distant from their target promoters. It is unclear how such long-range control is mediated. Here we show that a single determinant of the human growth hormone locus control region (hGH LCR) located 14.5 kb 5prime prime or minute to the hGH-N promoter has a critical,(More)
Notch is needed for T-cell development and is a common oncogenic driver in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The protooncogene c-Myc (Myc) is a critical target of Notch in normal and malignant pre-T cells, but how Notch regulates Myc is unknown. Here, we identify a distal enhancer located >1 Mb 3' of human and murine Myc that binds Notch transcription(More)
For many mammalian genes, initiation of transcription during embryonic development must be subsequently sustained over extensive periods of adult life. It remains unclear whether maintenance of gene expression reflects the same set of pathways as are involved in initial gene activation. The human pituitary growth hormone (hGH-N) locus is activated in the(More)
A large number of group I introns encode a family of homologous proteins that either promote intron splicing (maturases) or are site-specific DNA endonucleases that function in intron mobility (a process called "homing"). Genetic studies have shown that some of these proteins have both activities, yet how a single protein carries out both functions remains(More)
We report the establishment of three distinct pituitary-derived murine cell lines generated by targeted T-antigen-induced transformation. The Pit1/0 line expresses pituitary-specific transcription factor-1 (Pit-1) but lacks expression of GH, prolactin (Prl), or TSH, and the Pit1/Prl line is selectively positive for Pit-1 and Prl. The third line,(More)