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BACKGROUND Pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 virus was first detected in Japan in May 2009 and continued to circulate in the 2010-2011 season. This study aims to characterize human influenza viruses circulating in Japan in the pandemic and post-pandemic periods and to determine the prevalence of antiviral-resistant viruses. METHODS Respiratory specimens(More)
BACKGROUND Norovirus (NoV) is a major cause of gastroenteritis during the autumn and winter seasons in Japan as well as in other temperate climate regions. Most outbreaks are thought to occur by secondary attacks through person-to-person infection by fecal-oral route. Severe cases are found in young children or patients with chronic diseases. Clarifying the(More)
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is a common etiological agent of acute lower respiratory tract disease in infants. We report the molecular epidemiology of HRSV in Niigata, Japan, over six successive seasons (from 2001 to 2007) and the emerging genotypes of HRSV subgroup A (HRSV-A) strains. A total of 488 HRSV samples were obtained from 1,103(More)
In eight successive seasons (2001 to 2009), a total of 726 human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) infections from a total of 1,560 children with acute lower respiratory tract illness were identified. Molecular analysis of the attachment (G) protein gene confirmed that 52 (7.8%) children were infected more than once with any of the 3 genotypes of HRSV-A(More)
Phylogenetic analysis of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) group B genotype BA strains from the 2002-2003 to 2009-2010 seasons collected in Niigata, Japan, revealed four distinct clusters, designated new BA genotypes BA7, BA8, BA9, and BA10. These new genotypes were not associated with large outbreaks in the community.
To study the molecular epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in a community, children with acute respiratory symptoms at a pediatric outpatient clinic in Niigata, Japan, were analyzed over three seasons from November 2001 to July 2004. Of 499 nasopharyngeal aspirate specimens, 185 (37.1%) were RSV positive, and only 8 (4.5%) of 177 patients were(More)
Substantial increase in amantadine-resistant influenza A (H3N2) was reported in Asia and North America in 2005. In this study the frequency and genetic characteristics of amantadine-resistant influenza A, circulated in Japan in 2005-2006 season, were investigated. Isolates were tested by amantadine susceptibility test (TCID(50)/0.2 ml method), and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to clarify the epidemiology of laboratory-confirmed influenza in Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS Influenza was detected by virus isolation from nasopharyngeal swabs of influenza-like-illness (ILI) patients who reported to outpatient clinics in Hanoi, Vietnam between 2001 and 2003, before the start of avian influenza A/H5N1(More)
Influenza A viruses evolve at a high rate requiring continuous monitoring to maintain the efficacy of vaccines and antiviral drugs. We performed next generation sequencing analysis of 100 influenza A/H3N2 isolates collected in four Asian countries (Japan, Lebanon, Myanmar, and Vietnam) during 2012-2015. Phylogenetic analysis revealed several reassortment(More)