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Adiponectin is exclusively expressed in adipose tissues and exhibits protective effects against cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. It enhances AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) signaling in the liver and skeletal muscles, however, its signaling pathways in macrophages remain to be elucidated. Here, we(More)
Fat accumulation and the dysfunction of visceral white adipose tissue (WAT), but not subcutaneous WAT, cause abnormalities in whole body metabolic homeostasis. However, no current drugs specifically target visceral WAT. The primary reason for this is that a practical in vitro culture system for mesenteric adipocytes has not been established. To resolve this(More)
Type 1 diabetes, one of two major forms of diabetes, results from the complete destruction of pancreatic beta cells. Viral infection has been suggested to be a trigger of beta cell destruction, the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of the protein encoded by intherferon stimulated gene (ISG) 15, an antiviral(More)
Larvae of the African midge Polypedilum vanderplanki show extreme desiccation tolerance, known as anhydrobiosis. Recently, the cultured cell line Pv11 was derived from this species; Pv11 cells can be preserved in the dry state for over 6 months and retain their proliferation potential. Here, we attempted to expand the use of Pv11 cells as a model to(More)
flexibility and carnitine flux: The role of carnitine acyltransferase in glucose homeostasis Skeletal muscle is the major site of glucose disposal, accounting for 80% of glucose catabolism under insulin-stimulated conditions in healthy subjects. In type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, muscular glucose uptake is decreased; therefore, skeletal muscle can be a(More)
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