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Lysine acetylation regulates many eukaryotic cellular processes, but its function in prokaryotes is largely unknown. We demonstrated that central metabolism enzymes in Salmonella were acetylated extensively and differentially in response to different carbon sources, concomitantly with changes in cell growth and metabolic flux. The relative activities of key(More)
Biofilms play an important role in many chronic bacterial infections. Production of an extracellular mixture of sugar polymers called exopolysaccharide is characteristic and critical for biofilm formation. However, there is limited information about the mechanisms involved in the biosynthesis and modification of exopolysaccharide components and how these(More)
Type VI secretion systems (T6SSs) are involved in the pathogenicity of several gram-negative bacteria. Based on sequence analysis, we found that a cluster of Escherichia coli virulence factors (EVF) encoding a putative T6SS exists in the genome of the meningitis-causing E. coli K1 strain RS218. The T6SS-associated deletion mutants exhibited significant(More)
Amycolatopsis, genus of a rare actinomycete, produces many clinically important antibiotics, such as rifamycin and vancomycin. Although GlnR of Amycolatopsis mediterranei is a direct activator of the glnA gene expression, the production of GlnR does not linearly correlate with the expression of glnA under different nitrogen conditions. Moreover, A.(More)
The ability to acetylate lysine residues is conserved across organisms, and acetylation of lysine residues plays important roles in various cellular functions. Maintaining intracellular pH homeostasis is crucial for the survival of enteric bacteria in the acidic gastric tract. It has been shown that eukaryotes can stabilize the intracellular pH by histone(More)
Ocular angiogenesis may lead to visual impairment and even irreversible blindness in people of all ages worldwide. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV), a major clinical complication of ocular angiogenesis, is an important cause of vision loss that affects a large number of people. Physiological angiogenesis is tightly controlled by a balance in the(More)
Virulence mechanisms of the leading nosocomial pathogen Staphylococcus epidermidis are poorly understood. We used microarray-based genome-wide comparison of clinical and commensal S. epidermidis strains to identify putative virulence determinants. Our study revealed high genetic variability of the S. epidermidis genome, new markers for invasiveness of S.(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is an ideal platform for the metabolic analysis of biofluids due to its high reproducibility, nondestructiveness, nonselectivity in metabolite detection, and the ability to simultaneously quantify multiple classes of metabolites. Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic wasting inflammatory disease characterized by(More)
Type 1 fimbriae have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of extraintestinal Escherichia coli infection. Type 1 fimbriation in E. coli is phase variable and known to be dependent upon FimB and FimE, the two recombinases that invert the molecular switch fimS and control the expression of the downstream fim operon. Here we showed that HbiF, a(More)
Salmonella causes a range of diseases in different hosts, including enterocolitis and systemic infection. Lysine acetylation regulates many eukaryotic cellular processes, but its function in bacteria is largely unexplored. The acetyltransferase Pat and NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase CobB are involved in the reversible protein acetylation in Salmonella(More)