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In female mammals most X-linked genes are subject to X-inactivation. However, in humans some X-linked genes escape silencing, these escapees being candidates for the phenotypic aberrations seen in polyX karyotypes. These escape genes have been reported to be under stronger purifying selection than other X-linked genes. Although it is known that escape from(More)
Human isolated gingival fibromatosis is an oral disorder characterized by a slowly progressive benign enlargement of gingival tissues. The most common genetic form, hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF), is usually transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. We report here for the first time a newly identified maternally inherited gingival fibromatosis in(More)
A single mammalian transcript normally encodes one protein, but the transcript of GNAS (G-protein α-subunit) contains two reading frames and produces two structurally unrelated proteins, XLαs and ALEX. No other confirmed GNAS-like dual-coding transcripts have been reported to date, even though many such candidate genes have been predicted by bioinformatics(More)
Aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) is a liquid-liquid fractionation technique and has gained an interest because of great potential for the extraction, separation, purification and enrichment of proteins, membranes, viruses, enzymes, nucleic acids and other biomolecules both in industry and academia. Although, the partition behavior involved in the method is(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have revealed several genetic loci associated with HIV-1 outcome following infection (e.g., HLA-C at 6p21.33) in multi-ethnic populations with genetic heterogeneity and racial/ethnic differences among Caucasians, African-Americans, and Hispanics. To systematically investigate the inherited predisposition to modulate(More)
Although there is an accumulating appreciation of the key roles that long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) play in diverse cellular processes, our knowledge of how lincRNAs function in cancer remains sparse. Here, we present a comprehensive landscape of RNA-seq transcriptome profiles of lung adenocarcinomas and their paired normal counterparts to(More)
Deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) are important regulators of cell proliferation. Here we identified a functional deubiquitinating enzyme, ovarian tumor domain-containing 6B (OTUD-6B). Mutation of the conserved Cys residue abolished its deubiquitinating activity in vitro. Otud-6b expression was induced with cytokine stimulation in both mouse Ba/F3 cells and(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a surveillance system that eliminates transcripts with premature termination codons. In this study, we show that mRNAs targeted by NMD are also suppressed at the translational level. The low translational efficiency (TE) is a consequence of multiple features acting in concert, including low translation initiation rate,(More)
In addition to roles in stress response, heat shock factors (HSFs) play crucial roles in differentiation and development. Heat shock transcription factor 4 (HSF4) deficiency leads to defect in lens epithelial cell (LEC) differentiation and cataract formation. However, the mechanism remains obscure. Here, we identified Src kinase-associated phosphoprotein 2(More)
The Kozak motif, which is located near the translational start codon, often regulates the protein translation. Moreover, it is believed that the conserved positions -3 and +4 contribute the most. Since changes that occur in this motif have a great impact on protein yield and in some cases are associated with disease, we screened the human SNP database for(More)