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Rice false smut caused by the fungal pathogen Ustilaginoidea virens is becoming a destructive disease throughout major rice-growing countries. Information about its genetic diversity and population structure is essential for rice breeding and efficient control of the disease. This study compared the genome sequences of two U. virens isolates. Three SNP-rich(More)
Conidiation is the major mode of reproduction in many filamentous fungi. The Neurospora crassa gene vad-5, which encodes a GAL4-like Zn2Cys6 transcription factor, was suggested to contribute to conidiation in a previous study using a knockout mutant. In this study, we confirmed the positive contribution of vad-5 to conidiation by gene complementation. To(More)
In the absence of pathogen infection, plant effector-triggered immune (ETI) receptors are maintained in a preactivation state by intermolecular interactions with other host proteins. Pathogen effector-induced alterations activate the receptor. In Arabidopsis, the ETI receptor RPM1 is activated via bacterial effector AvrB-induced phosphorylation of the(More)
Unlike animals, plants lack an adaptive immune system, and entirely rely on innate immunity to resist numerous potential pathogens in their environment (Jones and Dangl, 2006; Boller and Felix, 2009). They have evolved diverse immune receptors to detect potential pathogenic microbes via recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and(More)
Plants are exposed to numerous potential pathogenic microbes. To counter the threat, plants have evolved diverse patternrecognition receptors (PRRs), which are receptor kinases (RKs) and receptor proteins (RPs) specialized to detect conserved pathogen/microbe-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs/MAMPs). Although only a handful of RKs and RPs are known PRRs,(More)
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