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In this study, composition, structure and the functional properties of protein concentrate (WPC) and protein isolate (WPI) produced from defatted walnut flour (DFWF) were investigated. The results showed that the composition and structure of walnut protein concentrate (WPC) and walnut protein isolate (WPI) were significantly different. The molecular weight(More)
BACKGROUND The low solubility of wheat gluten is one of the major limitations to its use in food processing, and enzymatic hydrolysis has been found to be an effective way to prepare more soluble bioactive peptides from gluten. The aim of this study was to prepare bioactive peptides from modified wheat gluten (MWG) in a continuous enzymatic membrane reactor(More)
In this study, the sulfhydryl (SH) contents of unheated and heated (90 °C, 5 min) soy protein were detected under different conditions (pH, reagent addition order, SDS/GuHCl concentration, EDTA) using two aromatic disulfide reagents: 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) and 4,4'-dithiodipyridine (DPS). Two fluorescent alkylating reagents,(More)
Soy protein hydrolysates with lower molecular weight were enzymatically prepared by several commercially available proteases (Alcalase 2.4L, Flavourzyme, Trypsin, Papain, Protease A and Peptidase R) with protein recovery varied from 42.59% to 79.87%. Relative content of positively charged peptides was determined on SP Sephadex C-25 using gradient sodium(More)
As a by-product of oil production, walnut proteins are considered as an additional source of plant protein for human food. To make full use of the protein resource, a comprehensive understanding of composition and characteristics of walnut proteins are required. Walnut proteins have been fractionated and characterized in this study. Amino acid composition,(More)
Oil body, an organelle in seed cell (naturally pre-emulsified oil), has great potentials to be used in food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and other applications requiring stable oil-in-water emulsions. Researchers have tried to extract oil body by alkaline buffers, which are beneficial for removing contaminated proteins. But it is not clear whether alkaline(More)
After oil bodies (OBs) were extracted from ungerminated soybean by pH 6.8 extraction, it was found that 24 and 18 kDa oleosins were hydrolyzed in the extracted OBs, which contained many OB extrinsic proteins (i.e., lipoxygenase, β-conglycinin, γ-conglycinin, β-amylase, glycinin, Gly m Bd 30K (Bd 30K), and P34 probable thiol protease (P34)) as well as OB(More)
In this work, we report on the application of versatile gold nanorods (GNRs) in optical sensors for the detection of antibiotics. The target analyte, Gentamicin (GM) and ovalbumin (OVA)-antigen-modified GNRs together competed with antibody-modified GNRs, then influenced the formation of side-by-side aggregates of the GNRs by antibody-antigen interactions.(More)
Effects of lipoxygenase I-B (LOX)-catalyzed oxidation of linoleic acid on soybean proteins was evaluated by electron spin resonance (ESR) and fluorescence spectroscopy in different model systems in the presence or absence of antioxidants. A strong central singlet signal was detected by ESR spectroscopy and identified as the carbon radical (g value range(More)
Development of viable alternatives to antibiotics to control necrotic enteritis (NE) caused by Clostridium perfringensis becoming urgent for chicken production due to pessures on poultry producers to limit or stop the use of antibiotics in feed. We have previously identified citral as a potential alternative to antibiotics. Citral has strong antimicrobial(More)