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Our objective was to quantify the morphometric characteristics of the pedicles of the Chinese immature thoracic spine. A total of 120 patients aged 5–14 years underwent standard thoracic computed tomography (CT). The patients were grouped according to age: group 1 (5–8 years of age), group 2 (9–11 years of age) and group 3 (12–14 years of age). Images were(More)
Osteocyte apoptosis is the main manifestation of steroid-induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head (SANFH). STAT1 and caspase 3 participate in the process of apoptosis and STAT1 upregulates the expression of caspase 3. We examined the relationship between the STAT1-caspase 3 pathway and apoptosis in SANFH. All specimens were divided into four groups:(More)
Surgical reconstruction has been increasingly recommended for the surgical management of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) ruptures. While the choice of tissue graft still remains controversial. Currently both hamstring tendon autograft (HTG) and ligament advanced reinforcement system (LARS) artificial ligament are widely used but there are seldom reports(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of discoid meniscus is debatable. This study aimed to assess the clinical efficacy of combined outside-in and FasT-Fix sutures for the treatment of serious discoid meniscal tears. METHODS This study included 32 consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic meniscal plasty for serious discoid meniscal tears (full-thickness(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of intra-articular magnesium sulphate and a saline placebo for postoperative pain control following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Sixty patients underwent THA and were randomly allocated into two groups to receive intra-articular injections of either 10 ml magnesium sulphate (100 mg/ml; magnesium(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the influence of irrigation fluid on the patients’ physiological response to arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Patients who were scheduled for arthroscopic shoulder surgery were prospectively included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive warm arthroscopic irrigation fluid (Group W, n = 33) or room(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes between a short femoral cementless stem and a conventional femoral cementless stem in total hip arthroplasty in patients 70 years and older. METHODS From December 2011 and July 2013, we retrospectively reviewed 50 patients (55 hips) 70 years and older treated with a short(More)
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