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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease caused by genetic or environmental factors. It has rendered a severe menace to the middle-aged and elderly, while there is still lack of efficient drugs against this disease. The pathogenic mechanism for DM is complex, and the complicated networks related to this disease involve distinct signaling pathways.(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) negatively regulates insulin signaling, and PTP1B inhibitors have been seen as promising therapeutic agents against obesity and type 2 diabetes. Here we report that the marine natural product hyrtiosal, from the marine sponge Hyrtios erectus, has been discovered to act as a PTP1B inhibitor and to show extensive(More)
HIV-1 integrase (IN) is composed of three domains, the N-terminal domain (NTD, residues 1-50), the catalytic core domain (CCD, residues 51-212), and the C-terminal domain (CTD, residues 213-288). All the three domains are required for the two known integration reactions. CCD contains the catalytic triad and is believed to bind viral DNA specifically, and(More)
The marine natural product 12-epi-scalaradial (SLD) is a specific secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) inhibitor. However, little is known about whether this compound has other pharmacological effects. Here, we revealed a novel effect of SLD on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mediated Akt phosphorylation. SLD dose- and time-dependently inhibited(More)
A marine natural compound flexibilide isolated from the soft coral Sinularia flexibilis has been found to have antitumor activity. However, its pharmacological mechanism on tumor cells has not been studied. Herein, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF MS) based metabolomics approach(More)
The effects of neriifolin, a cardiac glycoside from Cerbera manghas L. on various end-points of oncologic relevance (cell growth, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis in HepG2 cells) were investigated. Neriifolin reduced viability of HepG2 cells, induced S and G2/M phase arrests of the cell cycle, and stimulated apoptosis of HepG2 cells. Stimulation of(More)
The rhizoid of Laminaria japonica is widely used in Chinese medicine as a treatment for diabetes. Therefore, a bioactivity-tailored isolation and detailed chemical characterization was used to identify the antidiabetes compounds found in the L. japonica rhizoid. Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS), proton NMR and carbon NMR spectra analyses(More)
A bicyclic depsipeptide, chromopeptide A (1), was isolated from a deep-sea-derived bacterium Chromobacterium sp. HS-13-94. Its structure was determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with a related known compound. The absolute configuration of chromopeptide A was established by X-ray diffraction analysis employing graphite(More)
The natural product Emodin demonstrates a wide range of pharmacological properties including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferation, vasorelaxant and anti-H. pylori activities. Although its H. pylori inhibition was discovered, no acting target information against Emodin has been revealed to date. Here we reported that Emodin functioned as a(More)
Deoxyelephantopin (ESD) was reported to potentiate apoptosis, inhibit invasion and abolish osteoclastogenesis but no target protein was disclosed. Here, we discovered that ESD could significantly inhibit the proliferation of different cancer cells and induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G(2)/M phase in HeLa cell. Moreover, biochemical and biophysical(More)