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Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations of NPC1 and NPC2 genes. Progressive neurodegeneration that accompanies NPC is fatal, but the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. In the present study, we characterized the association of autophagic-lysosomal dysfunction with cholesterol accumulation in(More)
Niemann-Pick C disease (NPC) is an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder without current treatment. It is thought to result from deficient intracellular cholesterol and/or ganglioside trafficking. We have investigated the effects of allopregnanolone treatments on survival, weight loss, motor function, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and neuropathology(More)
Inflammatory responses involving microglia, the resident macrophages of the brain, are thought to contribute importantly to the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and possibly other neurodegenerative disorders. The present study tested whether the mevalonate-isoprenoid biosynthesis pathway, which affects inflammation in many types of tissues, tonically(More)
We have previously isolated a mouse RPA40 (mRPA40) cDNA encoding the 40-kDa subunit of mouse RNA polymerase I and demonstrated that mRPA40 is a mouse homolog of the yeast subunit AC40, which is a subunit of RNA polymerases I and III, having a limited homology to bacterial RNA polymerase subunit alpha (Song, C. Z., Hanada, K., Yano, K., Maeda, Y., Yamamoto,(More)
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is caused by mutations to genes that encode proteins critical to intracellular lipid homeostasis. The events underlying NPC progressive neurodegeneration are poorly understood but include neurofibrillary tangles of the type found in Alzheimer's disease. Here we investigated possible contributions of a phosphatidylinositol-3(More)
Eukaryotic RNA polymerases I and III consist of multiple subunits. Each of these enzymes includes two distinct and evolutionarily conserved subunits called alpha-related subunits which are shared only by polymerases I and III. The alpha-related subunits show limited homology with the alpha-subunit of prokaryotic RNA polymerase. To gain further insight into(More)
RNA polymerase I of Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains a small subunit, A12.2, encoded by RPA12, that was previously shown to be involved in the assembly and/or stabilization of the largest subunit, A190, of RNA polymerase I. To examine whether an equivalent subunit is present in another eukaryotic RNA polymerase I, we have cloned a Schizosaccahromyces pombe(More)
By means of the yeast two-hybrid system using the 40-kDa subunit of mouse RNA polymerase I, mRPA40, as the bait, we isolated a mouse cDNA which encoded a protein with significant homology in amino acid sequence to the 12.5-kDa subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA polymerase II, B12.5 (RPB11). Specific antibody raised against the recombinant protein that(More)
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