Yueping Chen

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The stimulative effect of glucocorticoids on intestinal salt and water absorption has been known for more than two decades. However, molecular mechanisms underlying this activation remain elusive. Previous studies showed that methylprednisolone specifically increased Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform (NHE) 3 mRNA in ileum and kidney without affecting NHE1 mRNA(More)
The multi-PDZ domain containing protein Na(+)/H(+) Exchanger Regulatory Factor 1 (NHERF1) binds to Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) and is associated with the brush border (BB) membrane of murine kidney and small intestine. Although studies in BB isolated from kidney cortex of wild type and NHERF1(-/-) mice have shown that NHERF1 is necessary for cAMP(More)
BACKGROUND One of the most common symptoms among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is diarrhea, which is thought to be contributed by changes in electrolyte transport associated with intestinal inflammation. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that intestinal Na(+)-related transporters/channels and their regulatory proteins may be(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Studies have provided substantial evidence that osteoblasts and adipocytes share common progenitor‒multipotential mesenchymal stem cells in bone marrow (BMSCs), and excessive alcohol consumption shifts away from osteogenic to adipogenic lineage. However, how exactly alcohol impairs osteogenesis is still incompletely understood. This study(More)
The epithelial brush border membrane (BBM) Na(+)-H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) is the major transport protein responsible for ileal electroneutral Na(+) absorption. We have previously shown that ileal BBM NHE3 activity is rapidly inhibited by carbachol, an agonist that mimics cholinergic activation in digestion. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms(More)
Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) is the epithelial-brush border isoform responsible for most intestinal and renal Na(+) absorption. Its activity is both up- and down-regulated under normal physiological conditions, and it is inhibited in most diarrheal diseases. NHE3 is phosphorylated under basal conditions and Ser/Thr phosphatase inhibitors stimulate basal(More)
The first detailed description of the proteome of the mouse jejunal brush border membrane vesicle is presented here. This was obtained by a combination of purification via divalent (Mg2+) cation precipitation starting with isolated cells plus strong cation exchange chromatography LC-MS/MS. Five-hundred seventy proteins were identified including 45 transport(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We have reported in a separate study that alcohol exposure triggers activation of the TNF-α signaling pathway leading to an adverse shift of multipotential mesenchymal stem cells in bone marrow (BMSCs) away from osteogenesis towards adipogenesis. However, inhibition of TNF-α signaling only yielded moderate inhibition of adipogenesis. Here we(More)
The epithelial brush border (BB) Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) accounts for most renal and intestinal Na(+) absorption. Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) inhibits NHE3 activity under basal conditions in intact intestine, acting in the BB, but the mechanism is unclear. We now demonstrate that in both PS120 fibroblasts and polarized(More)
In reverse engineering applications, there is a problem of precise alignment from measured data to a CAD model. This paper presents a new method where the measurement points can be precisely aligned with its corresponding CAD model. Initially, the measured data is aligned approximately through a least-square method with the minimum distance principle. Based(More)