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The stimulative effect of glucocorticoids on intestinal salt and water absorption has been known for more than two decades. However, molecular mechanisms underlying this activation remain elusive. Previous studies showed that methylprednisolone specifically increased Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform (NHE) 3 mRNA in ileum and kidney without affecting NHE1 mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND One of the most common symptoms among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is diarrhea, which is thought to be contributed by changes in electrolyte transport associated with intestinal inflammation. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that intestinal Na(+)-related transporters/channels and their regulatory proteins may be(More)
The multi-PDZ domain containing protein Na(+)/H(+) Exchanger Regulatory Factor 1 (NHERF1) binds to Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) and is associated with the brush border (BB) membrane of murine kidney and small intestine. Although studies in BB isolated from kidney cortex of wild type and NHERF1(-/-) mice have shown that NHERF1 is necessary for cAMP(More)
Human primary and clonal synovial cells were incubated with glutamate receptor agonists to assess their modulating influence on glutamate receptors N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) NR1 and NR2 and inflammatory cytokines to determine potential for paracrine or autocrine (neurocrine) upregulation of glutamate receptors, as has been shown for bone and chondrocytes.(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) excites carotid body (CB) chemoreceptors and induces mitosis of the chemoreceptors in chronic hypoxia. The aim of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that up-regulation of both ETA receptor and endogenous ET-1 expression in CB chemoreceptors enhances the response of intracellular Ca2+ to ET-1 following adaptation to chronic(More)
The first detailed description of the proteome of the mouse jejunal brush border membrane vesicle is presented here. This was obtained by a combination of purification via divalent (Mg2+) cation precipitation starting with isolated cells plus strong cation exchange chromatography LC-MS/MS. Five-hundred seventy proteins were identified including 45 transport(More)
The epithelial brush border membrane (BBM) Na(+)-H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) is the major transport protein responsible for ileal electroneutral Na(+) absorption. We have previously shown that ileal BBM NHE3 activity is rapidly inhibited by carbachol, an agonist that mimics cholinergic activation in digestion. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms(More)
Melatonin attenuates carotid chemoreceptor response to hypercapnic acidosis and may contribute to the effect of circadian rhythms on the chemoreflex. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that melatonin modulates rat carotid chemoreceptor response to hypoxia. To examine the effect of melatonin on the hypoxic response of the chemosensitive(More)
Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) is the epithelial-brush border isoform responsible for most intestinal and renal Na(+) absorption. Its activity is both up- and down-regulated under normal physiological conditions, and it is inhibited in most diarrheal diseases. NHE3 is phosphorylated under basal conditions and Ser/Thr phosphatase inhibitors stimulate basal(More)
A peripheral neuroimmune link: glutamate ago-nists upregulate NMDA NR1 receptor mRNA and protein, vimentin, TNF-␣, and RANTES in cultured human synoviocytes.mary and clonal synovial cells were incubated with glutamate receptor agonists to assess their modulating influence on glutamate receptors N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) NR1 and NR2 and inflammatory(More)